Thursday 23rd of May 2019

A Brief History of Zionism

 

18th century: The German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn initiates a Jewish secularism, which focused on Jewish national identity.


1862: The German Jew Moses Hess publishes the book Rome and Jerusalem where he called for a return of Jews to Palestine. He also said that Jews would never succeed by assimilating into European societies.


1881: Pogroms of Russia result in heavy emigration to USA. Some few Jews even emigrate to Palestine, as they are motivated by religious ideas of Palestine as Jewish homeland.


1893: Nathan Birnbaum introduces the term "Zionism."


1896: The Austrian Jew Theodor Herzl publishes the book The Jewish State, where he declares that the cure for anti-semitism was the establishment of a Jewish state. As he saw it, the best place to establish this state was in Palestine, but this geography was no precondition.


1897: The 1st Zionist Congress is held in Basel in Switzerland. About 200 delegates participate. The Basel Program is formulated, calling for the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, where Jews could live safely under public law. The World Zionist organization is also founded, and establishes its head quarters in Vienna, Austria.


1903: Britain offers an area of 15,500 km² in Uganda in Africa, an area of virgin land to the Jews of the world, where a Jewish homeland could be established.


1905: The 7th Zionist Congress refuses Britain's Uganda proposal. Israel Zangwill forms the Jewish Territorial organization, which sought to find territory for a Jewish state, no matter where this would be. His organization got only few supporters.


1917: The Balfour Declaration, issued by the British foreign secretary, gives official British support to the work of establishing a Jewish homeland in Palestine.
— After the Russian revolution is defeated, many young Jews emigrate from Russia.


1922: Britain gives The World Zionist organization the mandate to administer Jewish immigration and settlement in Palestine. This immigration and settlement was funded by American Jews.


1939: The British 'White Paper' gives the Arabs of Palestine de facto control over Jewish immigration.


1942: A call is issued from Zionist leaders for the establishment of a Jewish state in all of western Palestine, when World War 2 ends.


1948 May 14: The State of Israel is founded. The World Zionist organization continues to back Jewish immigration to Israel.


1970s: The World Zionist organization puts its muscles into helping Jews in the Soviet Union to emigrate to Israel.


1975 November 10: UN General Assembly passes Resolution 3379, in which Zionism is declared "racist", with 72 votes to 35 (32 abstentions).


1991 December 16: UN General Assembly revokes Resolution 3379, with 111 votes to 25 (13 abstentions).

 

Taken verbatum from LexicOrient

 

Recomended online reading:

True Torah Jews Against Zionism

Neturei Karta Orthodox Jews United Against Zionism

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