century: The German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn initiates a
Jewish secularism, which focused on Jewish national identity.
1862: The German Jew Moses Hess publishes the book Rome and Jerusalem
where he called for a return of Jews to Palestine. He also said that
Jews would never succeed by assimilating into European societies.
1881: Pogroms of Russia result in heavy emigration to USA. Some few
Jews even emigrate to Palestine, as they are motivated by religious
ideas of Palestine as Jewish homeland.
1893: Nathan Birnbaum introduces the term "Zionism."
1896: The Austrian Jew Theodor Herzl publishes the book The Jewish
State, where he declares that the cure for anti-semitism was the
establishment of a Jewish state. As he saw it, the best place to
establish this state was in Palestine, but this geography was no
1897: The 1st Zionist Congress is held in Basel in Switzerland. About
200 delegates participate. The Basel Program is formulated, calling for
the creation of a Jewish homeland in Palestine, where Jews could live
safely under public law. The World Zionist organization is also
founded, and establishes its head quarters in Vienna, Austria.
1903: Britain offers an area of 15,500 km² in Uganda in Africa, an area
of virgin land to the Jews of the world, where a Jewish homeland could
1905: The 7th Zionist Congress refuses Britain's Uganda proposal.
Israel Zangwill forms the Jewish Territorial organization, which sought
to find territory for a Jewish state, no matter where this would be.
His organization got only few supporters.
1917: The Balfour Declaration, issued by the British foreign secretary,
gives official British support to the work of establishing a Jewish
homeland in Palestine.
— After the Russian revolution is defeated, many young Jews emigrate from Russia.
1922: Britain gives The World Zionist organization the mandate to
administer Jewish immigration and settlement in Palestine. This
immigration and settlement was funded by American Jews.
1939: The British 'White Paper' gives the Arabs of Palestine de facto control over Jewish immigration.
1942: A call is issued from Zionist leaders for the establishment of a
Jewish state in all of western Palestine, when World War 2 ends.
1948 May 14: The State of Israel is founded. The World Zionist organization continues to back Jewish immigration to Israel.
1970s: The World Zionist organization puts its muscles into helping Jews in the Soviet Union to emigrate to Israel.
1975 November 10: UN General Assembly passes Resolution 3379, in which
Zionism is declared "racist", with 72 votes to 35 (32 abstentions).
1991 December 16: UN General Assembly revokes Resolution 3379, with 111 votes to 25 (13 abstentions).
Taken verbatum from LexicOrient
Recomended online reading:
True Torah Jews Against Zionism
Neturei Karta Orthodox Jews United Against Zionism