Sunday 5th of April 2020

an uncomfortable notion: the coronavirus is an escaped/released bioweapon...

nixon

The war on terror has gone cold…



The only place terrorism is still significant is in Central Africa (Mali)… where the Wahhabi Jihadists are still active. 

Russia and China have managed to escape the clutches of the Empire — and not only this, China is also influencing many third world countries to be more independent economically.

For various reasons, especially trying to avoid the “Yellow Peril” and the “Reds under the Bed”, the Empire helped China to develop its economy, hoping that consumerism would turn this communist country into a more bourgeois affluent space where greed, thus capitalism, takes over the psyche of the people. This was also a very convenient way for multinational (read USA) corporations to make money, reduce pollution in their developed world and prevent their own local workforce to unionise and thus be “powerful” — a power that Bernie Sanders is trying to relaunch. Meanwhile the gigantic US military machine would keep an eye on "maintaining the peace” and the subservient status of the rest of the planet.

But Putin came along. Without him, Russia was going to disintegrate — not into a vassal of the Empire, but even worse, into a third rate country that would have been fractured in a thousand pieces. Pravda is still harping on how Siberia is going to be sold to the USA, like Alaska was on March 30, 1867. Pravda is not a Putin lover. RT and Sputnik are… One wonders if this once “communist” news network, Pravda, has not been infiltrated by the CIA and the likes of MI6. 

The Chinese media is like all media around the world. It is part of the disinformation/information system. China Daily is distrusted in the West, mostly because of the weight in importance about good China is. China had its revolution in Hong Kong recently and due to the “pandemic” a lot of this has gone quiet. Will the Yellow Vests carry on with their protests in France? People around the world are individually fearing for their life, en masse. Curfews, isolation, quarantine are the new tools to control populations. The cost is enormous on government budgets but worth it. The war on terror having “gone cold”, the Wahhabi threat has been subdued by the Western police and the “intelligence agencies”, the new message in order to avoid a repeat of population unrest is for everyone to "fight the virus together”. We have now our common enemy for the entire planetoid: an accidental mutant from nature...

Meanwhile Saudi Arabia is also disintegrating under a little despot. It has lost its prestige. It has been degraded in the mind of people in the West as an annoying tinpot country that makes them pay too much at the petrol pump. Russia saw through the game being played: Under instruction from the USA, the Saudis were going to cut production to keep the price of oil high, to satisfy the US’s own shale oil industry, while demanding that Russia cut its own production as well like a good cartel member they were. Russia refused and the price of oil tumbled, bleeding the US shale oil industry — an industry that was not profitable even at $65 a barrel… The US shale oil industry has been mostly developed as an economic weapon against Russia. Meanwhile Russia has enough reserves of cash to last a decade or so, while loosing money on the oil market.

Trump, trying to avoid traditional wars which are costly, unpalatable (even by proxies) and unwinable in today’s world environment, has gone bezerk with sanctions on this and that country, here and there and everywhere — Russia, Iran, Syria, China — even threatening his own “friends”, the Europeans and the Turks. Economic sanctions had nothing to do with disparity of exchange, but trying to bring an economic and manufacturing superiority back to the USA. Mexico, China, Korea had taken many jobs from US workers. Trump’s plan has been to destroy this imbalanced “globalisation” to get his own people back at work. Things are a bit more complicated that this, as we also should look at "regime change" such as in Venezuela, but this has been the underlying method of the Donald — and there are other issues from pollution to global warming which is pseudo-denied by the present administration, because the reality of global warming has an undeclared effect on it. Greta was getting traction. Meanwhile we were becoming too carefree and less inclined to believe in governments, especially the US's. 

The world needed to tighten its butt. Enters the coronavirus… Annoyingly convenient...

MORE TO COME.

 

 

GL.

Biological warfare: an emerging threat in the 21st century...

NEWS RELEASE

1/11/01 

Mark Shwartz, News Service (650) 723-9296; e-mail: mshwartz@stanford.edu 

Biological warfare: an emerging threat in the 21st century 


Why is biophysicist Steven Block so concerned about smallpox? 

After all, more than 20 years have passed since the World Health Organization (WHO) announced the eradication of this highly contagious and incurable disease. 

"Simply put, smallpox represents a direct threat to the entire world," says Block, a professor of biological sciences and applied physics at Stanford. 

He points out that, although the disease has been eliminated in the wild, frozen stocks of smallpox virus are still maintained by the governments of the United States and Russia. 

If rogue politicians or terrorists were to get hold of the remaining supplies, "the consequences could be disastrous," he warns.

But Block is haunted by more than the threat of a smallpox attack. 

He points to some two dozen conventional biological agents -- including anthrax, Ebola and typhus -- plus an unknown number of genetically engineered organisms that terrorists could unleash on an unsuspecting public. 

"We're tempted to say that nobody in their right mind would ever use these things," he says, "but not everybody is in their right mind!" 

Block paints a disturbing picture of the international bioterrorist threat in an article published in the Jan./Feb. issue of American Scientist magazine. 

His expertise in biological warfare stems from his work with JASON, an organization of primarily academic scientists who dedicate a portion of their time to solving national security problems. Members of JASON often serve as consultants to the Defense Department and other U.S. agencies 

"In my opinion," he writes, "the terrorist threat is very real, and it's about to get worse." 

Block argues that the United States and other developed countries should be doing more to prevent the spread of biological weaponry, which he calls "a serious threat to peace in the twenty-first century." 

He saves his harshest criticism for his fellow biologists, most of whom have remained silent on the issue. 

"Where are the biological scientists willing to go on the record about bioweapons?" he asks. 

Anthrax

Biological weapons are "the poor man's atom bomb," writes Block in American Scientist. 

He argues that bioweapons offer terrorist groups and "rogue states" (such as Iraq and North Korea) an affordable way to counter the overwhelming military superiority of the United States and other nuclear powers. 

The agent of choice for most biological warfare programs, writes Block, is anthrax. Anthrax bacteria produce extremely lethal spores, and breathing in large numbers can lead to inhalation anthrax -- a disease that usually is fatal unless treated with large doses of a penicillin-type antibiotic immediately after exposure. 

Anthrax spores are easy to produce and can remain viable for more than 100 years if kept dry and out of direct sunlight. 

Their long shelf life makes them "well suited to weaponization in a device that can deliver a widespread aerosol," Block notes. 

Anthrax also is relatively easy and safe to handle. 

"Airborne spores remain infectious until they fall to the ground, where most become inactivated by sunlight," Block writes. 

"Anthrax is not very communicable," he adds, "thereby reducing the risk that it will spread beyond the intended target. Moreover, a well-established vaccine exists that can prevent the onset of the disease, allowing it to be used safely by the aggressor." 

"Black biology"

If anthrax, smallpox and other "conventional" biological agents aren't frightening enough, Block also raises the specter of "black biology" -- a shadowy science in which microorganisms are genetically engineered for the sole purpose of creating novel weapons of terror. 

"The idea that anybody can brew this stuff in their garage vastly overstates the case," he says, "but any technology that can be used to insert genes into DNA can be used for either good or bad." 

Block points out that genetic maps of deadly viruses, bacteria and other microorganisms already are widely available in the public domain. Last summer, for example, a leading scientific journal published the entire genetic code for the cholera pathogen. And legitimate researchers are now in the process of mapping the genomes of more than 100 other microbes -- including the bacteria that cause anthrax, the plague and typhoid. 

Any scientist bent on destruction could use this information to attempt to clone extremely virulent strains of bacteria and viruses, Block contends. 

He also points out that there are plenty of underpaid microbiologists in the world who might be eager to work for unscrupulous clients -- producing incurable "designer diseases," such as penicillin-resistant anthrax, or "stealth viruses" that infect the host but remain silent until activated by some external trigger, such as exposure to a normally harmless chemical. 

History lessons

Biological warfare is as old as civilization, observes Block, but it was international revulsion over the widespread use of poisonous mustard gas during World War I that finally led to a 1925 treaty banning bioweapons during future wars. 

"Disappointingly," Block writes, "neither the U.S. nor Japan ratified the treaty before the advent of World War II, when anthrax and other bioweapons were secretly being developed by both countries -- as well as by Germany, the U.S.S.R [now Russia] and Great Britain." 

During the Second World War, the Japanese military killed thousands of Chinese prisoners by subjecting them to experimental doses of anthrax, cholera, plague and other pathogens. Evidence also exists of a deliberate tularemia -- or rabbit fever -- attack by Soviet forces against German troops in 1942, although some experts say the incident never occurred. 

After World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union launched full-scale bioweapons programs, which included the development of aerosol sprays capable of delivering bacterial and viral agents by plane or ballistic missile. 

"Both sides also stockpiled plenty of anthrax," adds Block. 

In 1969, President Richard Nixon issued an executive order unilaterally and unconditionally ending America's bioweapons program, and all U.S. stockpiles were destroyed by 1972. 

That same year, 160 nations signed a treaty banning all use of biological and chemical weapons. And 143 countries eventually ratified the treaty, including the United States, Russia, Iraq, Iran, Libya and North Korea. Fifty-two nations have not signed on, including Israel, Egypt and Somalia. 

Failed treaty

Despite its noble intentions, says Block, the 1972 treaty lacks any significant provisions for enforcement or verification. As a result, a number of signatories to the treaty have maintained active bioweapons programs. 

"I'm fairly confident that the U.S. has stopped producing biological weapons," he says, "but the Soviet Union carried out ultra-secret bioweapons work right up until it collapsed in 1990." 

In 1979, 100 people and countless livestock died following the accidental release of anthrax spores from a bioweapons plant in the Russian city of Sverdlovsk -- one of 40 such facilities that operated in the former Soviet Union. 

Russia's dismal economic situation raises the question of how out-of-work bioweapons scientists are managing to find gainful employment now, observes Block. 

"Some experts contend that a low but significant level of bioresearch still exists today," he adds. 

Block's ultimate nightmare is that terrorists could somehow get access to the smallpox viruses being kept on ice at the Russian State Research Center of Virology and Biotechnology -- a fear bolstered by the testimony of a former official in the Russian biowarfare program, who claimed that smallpox-based weapons were being manufactured there as recently as 1992. 

Iraq also has violated the 1972 bioweapons treaty by mass-producing weapons-grade anthrax and conducting research on a wide variety of other biological agents -- including botulism, rotavirus and gangrene-inducing bacteria. Details of the Iraqi bioweaponry program only came to light in the aftermath of the 1991 Gulf War. 

All told, Block estimates that about a dozen countries are believed to have active bioweapons programs. 

Terrorist threat

Although Block is concerned about the bioweapons buildup in Iraq and other nations, he believes a greater threat comes from terrorist groups willing to risk an out-of-control epidemic and eager to suffer casualties for the good of "the cause." 

A recent example was the 1995 sarin gas attack inside the Tokyo subway by the Japanese apocalyptic cult Aum Shinrikyo. The widely publicized assault, which killed 13 people and hospitalized thousands, had been preceded by a series of failed botulism and anthrax assaults near the Imperial Palace, a Tokyo airport and two U.S. military bases. 

"Groups like Aum Shinrikyo are willing to use biological agents inefficiently just for the terror and propaganda value," Block contends. 

"If anthrax were released haphazardly in a major U.S. city and produced only a handful of cases, the public fear and disruption that would ensue might alone bring about the intended effect," he adds. 

Solutions

During fiscal year 2000, the Clinton administration allocated $1.4 billion to combat both biological and chemical warfare -- a good beginning but not enough, according to Block, who believes more should be spent beefing up America's anti-terrorist intelligence effort and its emergency response capability. 

Block also supports the development of hi-tech devices capable of instantaneously detecting lethal bacteria and viruses in the environment, and he encourages the production and stockpiling of new vaccines ­--a hot-button issue in Washington, D.C. these days. 

The anthrax vaccine has stirred the most controversy. The U.S. military wants to inoculate all 2.4 million active and reserve troops, but no one knows if the current vaccine will provide immunity against inhalation anthrax ­ the type commonly used in bioweapons. Questions of safety, along with a scandal involving the corporation that distributes the anthrax vaccine, have led to a sharp reduction in the military's vaccination effort. 

As for smallpox, routine vaccinations in the United States ended in 1980, the year the virus was officially eradicated, so few Americans still have immunity today. The Centers for Disease Control will make 40 million new doses of the vaccine available beginning in 2004, but critics say that, in the event of a multi-city terrorist attack, hundreds of millions of doses will be needed to prevent the often fatal disease from spreading throughout the country. 

On the diplomatic front, Block argues in favor of strengthening the 1972 bioweapons treaty -- "giving it some 'teeth,'" he says, by requiring reciprocal international inspections to assure treaty compliance. 

"Embarrassingly," he notes, "the United States itself has steadfastly resisted certain attempts to establish provisions for inspections" -- in part to protect the interests of large American pharmaceutical and biotech companies against industrial espionage. 

"As the world's remaining superpower," Block maintains, "the United States bears the unique responsibility to take the moral high ground in this process, assuming a leadership role in support of meaningful weapons treaties." 

He also makes a strong plea to his fellow biologists to break their silence and take a stand against the proliferation of biological weapons. 

"Some folks simply do not take the threat seriously," he observes, "but they should. Others worry about provoking a widespread public backlash against biotechnology in general that might have a chilling effect on their own legitimate biological research." 

None of these excuses stands up to close scrutiny, Block contends, adding that the time to act is now before disaster strikes. 

"We should not have to wait for the biological equivalent of Hiroshima to rally our defenses," he concludes. 

-30- 

By Mark Shwartz 

 

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This article was published nearly 20 years ago....

a few questions need to be asked, including WHY THE CORONAVIRUS NOW considering that the Chinese have been eating "bat soup" and use Pangolins for centuries?

 

Remember also that in order to attack Saddam, anthrax was released in the USA from an AMERICAN LABORATORY...

More to come...

a convenient inconvenience...

 

Whatever the origin of the coronavirus, it is — and has become — a bioweapon. Way before Bill Gates warned us in 2015 about biological pandemics, biological warfare — an emerging threat in the 21st century — was the topic of the article above in 2001...

We also have to realise that four years ago Central Intelligence Agency Director John Brennan said at the Council on Foreign Relations that “advances in genome editing pose a threat to national security and may be used to create biological weapons"...

"Nowhere are the stakes higher for our national security than in the field of biotechnology," Brennan stated. "Recent advances in genome editing that offer great potential for breakthroughs in public health are also a cause for concern because the same methods can be used to create genetically engineered biological warfare agents.


The Department of Homeland Security’s Office of Health Affairs Acting Director Aaron Firoved had also testified in Congress that synthetic biology and gene editing offer terrorist organisations potential to modify organisms for malicious purposes such as manmade pathogens that can rapidly cause disease outbreaks.  Subnational terrorist entities such as Daesh would have few compunctions in wielding such a weapon, Brennan noted.


Brennan called on the international community to create national and global strategies to counter such threats, along with the consensus of laws, standards and authorities that needed to counter the threat.



This was a huge admission and a proposal for a massive reset and implementation of controls… The biolabs weaponry had never stopped. New pathogens were developed in order to "find antidotes”… 

The United States biological weapons program had officially began in spring 1943 on orders from U.S. President Franklin Roosevelt. Research continued following WW2 as the U.S. built up a large stockpile of biological agents and weapons. Over the course of its 27-year history, the program weaponised and stockpiled the following seven bio-agents (and pursued basic research on many more):

• Bacillus anthracis (anthrax)

• Francisella tularensis (tularemia)

• Brucella spp (brucellosis)

• Coxiella burnetii (Q-fever)

• Venezuelan equine encephalitis virus (VEE)

• Botulinum toxin (botulism)

• Staphylococcal enterotoxin B


Throughout its history, the U.S. bioweapons program was secret. It was later revealed that laboratory and field testing (some of the latter using stimulants on non-consenting individuals) had been common. The official policy of the United States was first to deter the use of bio-weapons against U.S. forces and secondarily to retaliate if deterrence failed.

In 1969, President Richard Nixon ended all offensive (i.e., non-defensive) aspects of the U.S. bio-weapons program… But was this the end of US biowarfare?


In September 2016, Russia exposed the US claim that Russia was a "major threat" not only to the USA but to its "European allies”, and had used this as a pretext for the deployment of many NATO troops alongside Russia's borders. Russia's Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov thus reminded that Washington opposed the idea of tightening international control over biological weapons.


America's staunch opposition to Russian efforts to create a monitoring mechanism for the execution of the Biological and Toxin Weapons Convention (BTWC) indicated that the US may be conducting biological research that is "not entirely peaceful.

Lavrov added that Russia was developing a supervisory mechanism for the observance of the BTWC, stressing that most countries support this move, while the US actively opposes it.

"It is known that the US has a number of joint research programs with our neighbouring countries in the field of biological research..." Lavrov .

We need to remind ourselves of the anthrax affair as an addition to motivation for war against Saddam, in Iraq, a war that led to much grief in the Middle-East today. Some letters containing Anthrax (Bacillus anthracis) were sent to various people across the United States. Some people died of a horrible death. Saddam was blamed for this. But the FBI, probably too eager at the time to search for the origin of this Anthrax spread, soon discovered that the Bacillus anthracis was American… The Americans had supplied Saddam during the 1980s with Bacillus anthracis, but even at the time before extended “genomic” knowledge, the Saddam Anthrax had a recognisable imprint. The FBI knew that the Anthrax used in the letters were not from Saddam, yet the US government still blame Saddam for the deed. Eventually, the FBI traced the origins to a man in a pathogen lab, Ivins. Bruce Ivins, deemed a patriot, conveniently killed himself before being arrested. Or was he killed?… We’ll never know.

Question: What has been one of the main priorities of the USA, recently? A priority that the US has also tried to make the Europeans do the same, somewhat secretly? 

Answer: close borders to immigrants and refugees. stop the Islamic spread

What is the main objection to being so ruthless? Compassion, guilt, anti-racism and “globalisation”.

How do you achieve “closed borders” without being racist, guilty and non-compassionate?

You know the answer: you’re now confined to your house, the police roam the streets — and so far, there has been less than flu death in the USA (more than 10,000 in the last three months), than death from the coronavirus worldwide (10,000).
But data from China shows that each coronavirus (Covid19) case seems to infect around 2 to 2.5 additional people. That's higher than the flu. The average patient spreads the flu virus to about 1.3 others. Meanwhile the flu is also a corona virus (type A and B).

So, we’ve been ordered to shut down. Borders closed.

There will be a massive economic reset. The US is going to spend $1.5 trillion to make sure people survive… This is on top of regular $1 trillion deficit for the yearly budget. 

Health precautions are paramount. Increasing the level of fear is essential…

Now, where did the coronavirus come from?

This is the million dollar question which we will answer in the next instalment, for free…

GL.

why now?

The religious nuts are going nuts about their power to heal the sick and bury the dead… You need the professional paternoster-pushers, here, to pray for redemption in a time of crap, on this natural planet...

And not only the Christian loonies, but let’s start with them...:

Folks, this is a wake-up call from God Almighty if I have ever seen one. It’s time to pray.

I don’t mean casual prayer. I am talking about fervent, storm-the-gates-of-Heaven type of prayer that calls out to God in desperation and urgency.

We need God in America today. We need him to eradicate what President Trump has called, “An invisible enemy”.

In the Bible, prayer stopped storms, calmed waves, healed the sick, raised the dead and even stopped time. Scripture reminds us, “With God, all things are possible.” (Matthew 19:26)

https://www.christianpost.com/voices/america-its-time-to-pray.html

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Here come the islamists:

Pandemic or no, Muslim sages and scholars will continue to remind those they advise and counsel that the importance of drawing closer to God remains paramount and unimpeded. Indeed, at a time when we are all called upon to be more aware of our responsibilities to one other, doing so in ways that recollect God’s Immanence and Transcendence, His Compassion and Subtle Love — well, the pandemic may well bring out aspects of spiritual wayfaring that we might never have realised before.

Dr H.A. Hellyer is senior associate fellow at the Royal United Services Institute and the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, and a visiting professor at the Centre for Advanced Studies on Islam, Science and Civilisation in Kuala Lumpur. He is currently on the steering committee for a multi-year EU-funded project on ‘Radicalisation, Secularism and the Governance of Religion’, which brings together European, North African and Asian perspectives with a consortium of 12 universities and think-tanks.


https://www.abc.net.au/religion/islam-drawing-near-to-god-amid-the-coronavirus-pandemic/12077014

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Both of these opportunistic religious writers are beyond the pale… But religion is about deceit and the promise of something that can NEVER BE VERIFIED. We can be grateful that they did not use yet that this pandemic was the work of god to test our resolve and belief in Him (godot is male). Gus is a fierce atheist....

So let’s investigate the caper, without fear of favour. This from the ABC:

Coronavirus has been the topic of conversation for months, but when you stop and think about it, how much do you actually know about the virus?

There may be some things you don't know, but feel like it's too late in the piece to ask about. 

But they aren't dumb questions and you're not the only one asking them.

Here are some of the questions people are asking Google right now. 

Coronavirus update: Follow all the latest news in our daily wrap
What is a coronavirus?

COVID-19 is the disease caused by just one type of coronavirus.

Coronavirus is the name for a big group of viruses that cause illnesses.

These range from the common cold and gastrointestinal infections, to more severe diseases including SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) and MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome). 

The "corona" part of their name is for the corona, or crown, of surface proteins that the virus uses to penetrate the cells of its host.

Some coronaviruses can infect humans and others can infect animals like bats and camels. 

That's what happened in the case of SARS and MERS.

Civet cats transmitted SARS to humans, while MERS was passed on via dromedary camels.

How did coronavirus start?

It's thought it originated in bats.

But the thinking is the virus could have infected humans through another animal. 

The first human cases of coronavirus were linked to a seafood and live animal market in Wuhan, in China's Hubei province.


Read more:
https://www.abc.net.au/news/2020-03-19/how-did-coronavirus-start-how-long-will-it-last-google-questions/12068500

"The first human cases of coronavirus were linked to a seafood and live animal market in Wuhan?"

Where did the information come from? Doctors? Chinese doctors? Chinese officials? Sick people? Chinese media? Do we trust the Chinese media on this subject when for the past few years, the West has poopooed the said media for being a bearer of false news and/or being slanted? Was there an official from WHO to record patient zero and verify the information? 

We need more sciences and less godot. We need to take information with a grain of salt, a spoonful of vinegar and sugar to smooth our hiccup...

Wuhan’s bio lab:
Inside the Chinese lab poised to study world's most dangerous pathogens


Maximum-security biolab is part of plan to build network of BSL-4 facilities across China.

 

Editors’ note, January 2020: Many stories have promoted an unverified theory that the Wuhan lab discussed in this article played a role in the coronavirus outbreak that began in December 2019. Nature knows of no evidence that this is true; scientists believe the most likely source of the coronavirus to be an animal market.

22 February 2017 Updated: 

A laboratory in Wuhan is on the cusp of being cleared to work with the world’s most dangerous pathogens. The move is part of a plan to build between five and seven biosafety level-4 (BSL-4) labs across the Chinese mainland by 2025, and has generated much excitement, as well as some concerns.

Some scientists outside China worry about pathogens escaping, and the addition of a biological dimension to geopolitical tensions between China and other nations. But Chinese microbiologists are celebrating their entrance to the elite cadre empowered to wrestle with the world’s greatest biological threats.

“It will offer more opportunities for Chinese researchers, and our contribution on the BSL‑4-level pathogens will benefit the world,” says George Gao, director of the Chinese Academy of Sciences Key Laboratory of Pathogenic Microbiology and Immunology in Beijing. There are already two BSL-4 labs in Taiwan, but the National Bio-safety Laboratory, Wuhan, would be the first on the Chinese mainland.

The lab was certified as meeting the standards and criteria of BSL-4 by the China National Accreditation Service for Conformity Assessment (CNAS) in January. The CNAS examined the lab’s infrastructure, equipment and management, says a CNAS representative, paving the way for the Ministry of Health to give its approval. A representative from the ministry says it will move slowly and cautiously; if the assessment goes smoothly, it could approve the laboratory by the end of June.

BSL-4 is the highest level of biocontainment: its criteria include filtering air and treating water and waste before they leave the laboratory, and stipulating that researchers change clothes and shower before and after using lab facilities. Such labs are often controversial. The first BSL-4 lab in Japan was built in 1981, but operated with lower-risk pathogens until 2015, when safety concerns were finally overcome.

The expansion of BSL-4-lab networks in the United States and Europe over the past 15 years — with more than a dozen now in operation or under construction in each region — also met with resistance, including questions about the need for so many facilities.

The Wuhan lab cost 300 million yuan (US$44 million), and to allay safety concerns it was built far above the flood plain and with the capacity to withstand a magnitude-7 earthquake, although the area has no history of strong earthquakes. It will focus on the control of emerging diseases, store purified viruses and act as a World Health Organization ‘reference laboratory’ linked to similar labs around the world. “It will be a key node in the global biosafety-lab network,” says lab director Yuan Zhiming.

The Chinese Academy of Sciences approved the construction of a BSL-4 laboratory in 2003, and the epidemic of SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome) around the same time lent the project momentum. The lab was designed and constructed with French assistance as part of a 2004 cooperative agreement on the prevention and control of emerging infectious diseases. But the complexity of the project, China’s lack of experience, difficulty in maintaining funding and long government approval procedures meant that construction wasn’t finished until the end of 2014.

The lab’s first project will be to study the BSL-3 pathogen that causes Crimean–Congo haemorrhagic fever: a deadly tick-borne virus that affects livestock across the world, including in northwest China, and that can jump to people.

Future plans include studying the pathogen that causes SARS, which also doesn’t require a BSL-4 lab, before moving on to Ebola and the West African Lassa virus, which do. Some one million Chinese people work in Africa; the country needs to be ready for any eventuality, says Yuan. “Viruses don’t know borders.”

Gao travelled to Sierra Leone during the recent Ebola outbreak, allowing his team to report the speed with which the virus mutated into new strains1. The Wuhan lab will give his group a chance to study how such viruses cause disease, and to develop treatments based on antibodies and small molecules, he says.

The opportunities for international collaboration, meanwhile, will aid the genetic analysis and epidemiology of emergent diseases. “The world is facing more new emerging viruses, and we need more contribution from China,” says Gao. In particular, the emergence of zoonotic viruses — those that jump to humans from animals, such as SARS or Ebola — is a concern, says Bruno Lina, director of the VirPath virology lab in Lyon, France.

Many staff from the Wuhan lab have been training at a BSL-4 lab in Lyon, which some scientists find reassuring. And the facility has already carried out a test-run using a low-risk virus.

But worries surround the Chinese lab, too. The SARS virus has escaped from high-level containment facilities in Beijing multiple times, notes Richard Ebright, a molecular biologist at Rutgers University in Piscataway, New Jersey. Tim Trevan, founder of CHROME Biosafety and Biosecurity Consulting in Damascus, Maryland, says that an open culture is important to keeping BSL-4 labs safe, and he questions how easy this will be in China, where society emphasizes hierarchy. “Diversity of viewpoint, flat structures where everyone feels free to speak up and openness of information are important,” he says.

Yuan says that he has worked to address this issue with staff. “We tell them the most important thing is that they report what they have or haven’t done,” he says. And the lab’s inter­national collaborations will increase openness. “Transparency is the basis of the lab,” he adds.

The plan to expand into a network heightens such concerns. One BSL-4 lab in Harbin is already awaiting accreditation; the next two are expected to be in Beijing and Kunming, the latter focused on using monkey models to study disease.

Lina says that China’s size justifies this scale, and that the opportunity to combine BSL-4 research with an abundance of research monkeys — Chinese researchers face less red tape than those in the West when it comes to research on primates — could be powerful. “If you want to test vaccines or antivirals, you need a non-human primate model,” says Lina.

But Ebright is not convinced of the need for more than one BSL-4 lab in mainland China. He suspects that the expansion there is a reaction to the networks in the United States and Europe, which he says are also unwarranted. He adds that governments will assume that such excess capacity is for the potential development of bioweapons.

“These facilities are inherently dual use,” he says. The prospect of ramping up opportunities to inject monkeys with pathogens also worries, rather than excites, him: “They can run, they can scratch, they can bite.”

Trevan says China’s investment in a BSL-4 lab may, above all, be a way to prove to the world that the nation is competitive. “It is a big status symbol in biology,” he says, “whether it’s a need or not.”

Nature
 
542,
 
399–400
 
(23 February 2017)
 
doi:10.1038/nature.2017.21487

https://www.nature.com/news/inside-the-chinese-lab-poised-to-study-world-s-most-dangerous-pathogens-1.21487

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Question: why did the virus appear in Wuhan, not in Beijing or Shanghai, considering that the only biolab in China is in WUHAN? 
Answer: coincidence, my friend…
Question: and by the way, did the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) director Robert Redfield mentioned that some of the troops had the virus back in America, before it was made public in Wuhan, after the Wuhan Military Games?…

Answer: coincidence, my friend… who knows...

Question: How can the virus jump from Pangolin to Bats? And from Bats to people?

Answer: coincidence, my friend… plus bat soooouuuup!

How long have the Chinese eaten bat soup? Like 1000 year-old eggs, probably more than 1000 years?

Answer: coincidence, my friend… A naughty bat that had pissed on a pangolin, etc... Here in Aussieland we know that bats, especially the big flying foxes, carry germs that can kill you. and we love them but stay clear...


Meanwhile in Pommyland:

Porton Down is a science park in Wiltshire, England, just northeast of the village of Porton, near Salisbury. It is home to two British government facilities: a site of the Ministry of Defence's Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl) – known for over 100 years as one of the UK's most secretive and controversial military research facilities, occupying 7,000 acres (2,800 ha)[1] – and a site of Public Health England.[2] It is also home to other private and commercial science organisations, and is expanding to attract other companies.
21st century[edit]
Until 2001 the military installation of Porton Down was part of the UK government's Defence Evaluation and Research Agency (DERA) when it was split into QinetiQ, initially a fully government-owned company, and the Defence Science and Technology Laboratory (Dstl). Dstl incorporates all of DERA's activities deemed unsuitable for the privatisation planned for QinetiQ, particularly Porton Down.
In 2013 Dstl scientists tested samples from Syria for sarin, which is still manufactured there, to test soldiers' equipment.[1]
Public Health England have planned since September 2015[7] to transfer their Porton Down staff to Harlow, and in July 2017 it had bought a vacant site from GSK (GlaxoSmithKline), aiming to consolidate operations there in 2024[8]
Site names[edit]
The location's government use has been split into two separately controlled locations since 1979: the original military establishment under the Ministry of Defence, and the site to the south under the Department of Health, which had been opened in 1951 for the Microbiological Research Establishment, then in 1979 transferred to the Ministry of Health to focus on public health research, with the Defence aspects returning to the then-titled Chemical Defence Establishment.[9]

Porton Down has been involved in human testing at various points throughout the Ministry of Defence's use of the site. Up to 20,000 people took part in various trials from 1949 up to 1989:[18]


From 1999 until 2006, it was investigated under Operation Antler. In 2002 a first inquest and[19] in May 2004, a second inquest into the death of Ronald Maddison during testing of the nerve agent sarin commenced after his relatives and their supporters had lobbied for many years, which found his death to have been unlawful.[20] The Ministry of Defence challenged the verdict[21] which was upheld and the government settled the case in 2006.[22] In 2006, 500 veterans claimed they suffered from the experiments.[23]


In February 2006, three ex-servicemen were awarded compensation in an out-of-court settlement after they had claimed they were given LSD without their consent during the 1950s.[18][24] In 2008, the MoD paid 360 veterans of the tests £3m without admitting liability.[1]


Secrecy[edit]

Most of the work carried out at Porton Down has to date remained secret. Bruce George, Member of Parliament and Chairman of the Defence Select Committee, told BBC News on 20 August 1999 that: 


I would not say that the Defence Committee is micro-managing either DERA or Porton Down. We visit it, but, with eleven members of Parliament and five staff covering a labyrinthine department like the Ministry of Defence and the Armed Forces, it would be quite erroneous of me and misleading for me to say that we know everything that's going on in Porton Down. It's too big for us to know, and secondly, there are many things happening there that I'm not even certain Ministers are fully aware of, let alone Parliamentarians.[25]

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Porton_Down

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US Military Bio-labs in Ukraine, Production of Bio-weapons and “Disease Causing Agents”

 

Ukraine turned into the proving ground for the new generation of US biological weapons, European mass media report.

 

In 2015, American alternative media outlet InfoWars accused the Pentagon of developing new types of biological weapons in secret military laboratories in Ukraine. The facilities were constructed under the terms of the bilateral agreement signed between the Ministry of Health of Ukraine and the Department of Defense in 2012.

Today thirteen American military bio-labs operate in Ukraine, The International Mass Media Agency reports. They employ only American specialists being entirely funded from the budget of the Department of Defense. Local authorities have pledged not to interfere in their work. These military labs are reported to be mainly involved in the study and production of disease-causing agents of smallpox, anthrax and botulism. The facilities are located in the following Ukrainian cities: Odessa, Vinnytsia, Uzhgorod, Lviv (three), Kharkiv, Kyiv (four), Kherson, Ternopil.

The network of military bio-labs in Eastern Europe gives the hawks the opportunity to avoid the Geneva Convention of 1972 on the prohibition of development, production and stockpiling of biological and chemical weapons the US Senate ratified in 1973. So we witness the blatant violation of international laws.


Local media in Ukraine have frequently reported about splashes of contaminant diseases in that country since the beginning of the 2010s, the time American military facilities were opened. Western European media also express concern over splashes of contaminant diseases in that country this summer and point at American bio-labs as pockets of infection.

 

https://blogs.mediapart.fr/ivendurepos/blog/200817/la-menace-biologique-creee-par-washington

 

Experts warn this kind of weapon may be captured by terrorists due to the lack of security measures in Ukraine, the country being suffered from frozen conflict with pro-Russian rebels in its Eastern part and ongoing political turmoil after the flee of the Kremlin-backed leader Viktor Yanukovych in February, 2014. Latest terrorist acts in Europe show the jihadists are looking for new methods of attacks. Use of bio-weapons in densely populated regions will bring catastrophic consequences.

 

Chemical and biological weapons may be dangerous for the whole world because of their infectious effect. Modern diseases can travel through countries and reach any continent with just one plane passenger. And that is the big problem. Despite the remoteness of potential objects of infection from the territory of the United States, viruses still can reach the North American continent.

 

Goran Lompar is a free journalist and postgraduate at University of Donja Gorica, Montenegro.


https://www.globalresearch.ca/us-military-bio-labs-in-ukraine-production...

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So far, if you wiv mee, a bat that had fucked a pangolin ended up in a soup sounds like a holiday-maker's tent on the far side of the moon… That removed? Oh yes. Not impossible though. My next door neighbour says he’s been there a few times — the moon that is, not Wuhan. But we’re gullible people, aren’t we? We rather believe that the virus jumped the nature strip a couple of times, rather than it be manufactured by nasty people, in labs that are so watertight that nothing leaks out… Nothing! Rubbish, effluents, pockets? I know my pockets despite being washed, turned inside out, still carry hundred year old fluff in these impossible corners…

NO-ONE IS GOING TO ADMIT THAT THE VIRUS HAS ESCAPED from their labs. 

———————

So far in a region of about 20 million people, 11 million in Wuhan, 3,130 death have been attributed to the coronavirus (Covid 19) with 1.4 per cent death in proportion to infected people. BUT THE REGION WAS PLACED IN QUARANTINE EARLY. No-one in, no-one out. 

As of Friday 20 March, COVID-19 has sickened 245,000 globally and led to 10,000 deaths, according to data from Johns Hopkins University.

https://fortune.com/2020/03/20/coronavirus-death-rate-wuhan-china/


Pray the gods of monkeys that a more virulent pathogen does not appear on the horizon (yet)… (I guess it won't for a while). It's a pity the news on the internet cannot be used like newsprint as toilet paper...


Read from top.


Read also:
http://www.yourdemocracy.net.au/drupal/node/38406

from the american enterprise institute...

Thanks to Beijing’s censorship, news about the coronavirus came too little too late in order to successfully contain the outbreak. Even though the coronavirus has to date been far less lethal than the flu, its long incubation period has ensured its spread as asymptomatic carriers spread around the globe. The Chinese government’s silence has at best created uncertainty and raised many questions. At worst, the silence has bred conspiracy.

After Tom Cotton raised questions in a Fox News interview about whether the coronavirus originated in a Chinese biological warfare or military laboratory, the press criticized the Republican Arkansas senator for allegedly dabbling in conspiracy. However, with so many unanswered questions, a bit more caution might be warranted on the part of the press.

It is just as irresponsible to trust any information put forward by the Chinese government as it is to voice theories absent evidence.

After all, there have been Cold War corollaries to what Wuhan now experiences that remain relevant today. In the Wall Street Journal, Yaroslav Trofimov offered a highly personal account of living through Chernobyl as rumor spread that the accident was far more serious than the government acknowledged. Trofimov’s essay was useful to understand the nature of a government that would not hesitate to lie in order to save face, but Chernobyl may not have been the most relevant example to Wuhan.

The ignoble honor belongs instead to Sverdlovsk, today’s Yekaterinburg, in Russia’s Ural Mountains.

In January 1980, reports surfaced of an “outbreak of disease” in the city. U.S. intelligence reports suggested that an anthrax outbreak originated at a biological weapons facility located nearby, and American assessments placed the casualty account above 1,000. Satellite imagery showed that a building in the suspect military complex was abandoned after the incident. The Soviet government blamed tainted meat, and many of those critical of U.S. foreign policy worried that the truth (a Soviet violation of the Biological Weapons Convention) might undercut any chance for Cold War detente. However, evidence pointed to inhalation anthrax rather than the less contagious gastric variety. Witnesses and emigres reported quarantines, something necessary for spread-through-inhalation disease rather than foodborne disease.

It took glasnost and the subsequent fall of the Soviet Union to learn the truth. In 1990, the Russian press exposed the KGB cover-up at Sverdlovsk and, two years later, Russian President Boris Yeltsin acknowledged that the Soviet Union had maintained a biological weapons program.

Back to China. However the coronavirus began (perhaps natural mutation or man-made assistance), only two things are certain. First, autocrats lie. Journalists are foolish to take any Chinese (or Russian, or Iranian, or Turkish) statement at face value. Second, China may have ratified the Biological Weapons Convention back in 1984, but there is substantial evidence that it is in violation of that commitment.

The events in Wuhan, regardless of the truth about the coronavirus, put Chinese laboratories in the limelight. For those who believe it important to gauge policy to reality rather than wishful thinking, that is positive. Indeed, while the press piles onto Cotton, it seems that political animus and point-scoring may be obscuring a far more important story.

 

Read more:

https://www.aei.org/op-eds/was-coronavirus-a-bioweapon-we-dont-know-but-...

 

Read from top.

 

Note: Journalists are foolish to take any Chinese (or Russian, or Iranian, or Turkish) statement at face value? Yep, and these include the Western media — a media that spread the "Saddam has Weapons of Mass Destruction" mantra with the zeal of liars, forgers and porkyists — or naive idiots, if we want to be generous... The Western media would not know anything about the dark conspiracies in which they were (are and will be) the clarion for.

US war biolabs near russia...

MOSCOW (Sputnik) - Russia is concerned by how close Pentagon-funded biological warfare labs are to its borders at the same time as it battles the coronavirus, a Foreign Ministry source told reporters on Sunday.

The official slammed US authorities for blaming China for the COVID-19 pandemic and manipulating its data on the virus, and in turn, accused the United States of spinning the global health crisis into political attacks.

"We do have questions for the US. It would be nice to hear its justification for placing so many labs near Russia and China, instead of its playing propaganda games with the coronavirus", the official said.

He admitted that Russia had no credible information on a US role in the emergence of the deadly virus, which was first reported in China last December, but said globalisation made transmission of viral diseases "a matter of hours".

 

Read more:

https://sputniknews.com/russia/202003291078751261-russia-concerned-by-pr...

 

US labs

Note: This map was originated in the USA, and Crimea is still marked as Ukrainian. It is Russian despite what the West is harping on about. There is no way to verify the bonafide of this map which does not come from the article above, but from Mark Shwartz (see at top).

 

Read rom top.