Tuesday 17th of July 2018

hot sophism for denialists of global warming...

warmer

Top solar stats:

  • The rollout of solar PV is surging across the globe, with record-breaking installations in 2017 totalling over 92GW (projected). That’s enough to power over 20 million homes!
  • The capacity of those installations is almost double the record set in 2015!
  • 2017 was also a record-breaking year for solar in Australia, with over 1GW of solar installed. That’s enough to power about 250,000 homes! 
  • There are a number of large-scale solar plants under construction around the country.

https://www.climatecouncil.org.au/australia-is-smashing-solar-records



Meanwhile:

Sydneysiders are enduring another sweltering Saturday as roasting temperatures and residual smoke from hazard reduction burns leaves its trace across the city. 

The temperature in the city reached 30 degrees by 2pm today, with the recent unseasonable heat expected to drop back to something more reasonable tomorrow, when a 25 degree top is forecast.

The New South Wales Rural Fire Service warned residual smoke from several hazard reductions burns underway may still be visible across northern parts of Sydney and the Southern Highlights throughout the weekend. 

 

Read more:

https://www.9news.com.au/national/2018/04/13/11/19/sydney-weather-april-...

roasting in sydney...

Sydney is predicted to endure more unseasonably hot weather after sweltering through its hottest April day on record.

Monday reached a top of 35.4 degrees at the Observatory Hill city weather station, eclipsing the previous record of 34.2 set just two years ago.


The Bureau of Meteorology (BoM) said temperatures at the airport hit 36.8, making it the hottest April day since records began at the station 88 years ago.

A weak cool change is expected to bring a brief reprieve for Tuesday, bringing the maximum temperature down to 24 degrees.

“But that doesn’t last very long,” Weatherzone forecaster Kim Westcott told The New Daily.

“The cool change isn’t really that strong.”

The BoM is forecasting Wednesday to reach 28 degrees, before tops of 31 on both Thursday and Friday.

“It’s a significant departure from average temperatures that we would expect during April, and it has been since the start of April quite warm,” Ms Westcott said.

The long-term April average is just 22.5 degrees, making Monday about 12 degrees above average.

 

Read more:

https://thenewdaily.com.au/news/state/nsw/2018/04/09/sydney-weather-heat...

 

Read also:

The Arctic has just experienced its fourth year in a row of soaring winter temperatures, driven by intensifying climate change.

The Climate Council’s ‘Climate Change & Soaring Arctic Winter Temperatures’ factsheet shows sea ice has reached record winter lows, with an area of ice equivalent to the size of the Northern Territory shrinking after severe heatwaves hit the region in January and February.

https://www.climatecouncil.org.au/arctic-records-2018

alarming shale...

In 2011, a Cornell University research team first made the groundbreaking discovery that leaking methane from the shale gas fracking boom could make burning fracked gas worse for the climate than coal.

In a sobering lecture released this month, a member of that team, Dr. Anthony Ingraffea, Professor of Engineering Emeritus at Cornell University, outlined more precisely the role U.S. fracking is playing in changing the world's climate.

The most recent climate data suggests that the world is on track to cross the two degrees of warming threshold set in the Paris accord in just 10 to 15 years, says Ingraffea in a 13-minute lecture titled “Shale Gas: The Technological Gamble That Should Not Have Been Taken,” which was posted online on April 4.

That's if American energy policy follows the track predicted by the U.S. Energy Information Administration, which expects 1 million natural gas wells will be producing gas in the U.S. in 2050, up from roughly 100,000 today.

The Difference of a Half Degree 

An average global temperature increase of 2° Celsius (3.6° Fahrenheit) will bring catastrophic changes — even as compared against a change of 1.5° C (2.7° F). “Heat waves would last around a third longer, rain storms would be about a third more intense, the increase in sea level would be approximately that much higher and the percentage of tropical coral reefs at risk of severe degradation would be roughly that much greater,” with just that half-degree difference, NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory explained in a 2016 post about climate change.

A draft report from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), which was leaked this January, concludes that it's “extremely unlikely” that the world will keep to a 1.5° change, estimating that the world will cross that threshold in roughly 20 years, somewhat slower than Ingraffea's presentation concludes.

Earlier models, like an often-cited 2012 paper published in the peer-reviewed journal Science, dramatically underestimated the rise in temperatures, when its projections are compared against more than a half-decade of additional temperature recordings, Ingraffea says. “Every one of these scenarios under-predicted actual global warming,” he points out as he describes the models presented in that landmark 2012 study.

“Whereas the worst-case scenario brought us to 1.5 degrees Centigrade in 2040,” he adds, “we're almost there today.”

A Different Energy Future, if Not for Fracking?

So what happened?

Back in the late 1990s and early 2000s, U.S. natural gas production was flat or falling. If that trend had continued along the same track it was following from 2006-2008, then wind, solar, and other renewable energy sources might have had a chance to displace both natural gas and coal as major energy sources in America, according to Ingraffea.

Instead, the shale gas rush, propelled by hydraulic fracturing (fracking), swept across the U.S., with drillers snapping up land to drill for previously inaccessible fossil fuels locked in geologic formations of shale rock from coast to coast.

If the shale gas rush hadn't disrupted trends around that time, Ingraffea estimates that the wind energy sector alone could have produced roughly triple the amount of energy expected by the end of this coming decade, a difference of roughly 400 gigawatts.

“We can easily see there is a loss of potential — large amounts of wind energy — because of the injection of shale gas into our energy economy,” Ingraffea explains in the lecture.

While the shale gas industry promised benefits like jobs and American energy security, Ingraffea notes, those benefits would have been almost exclusively aimed at just 5 percent of the world's population, North Americans. But the harms will affect the remaining 95 percent of the world as well.

It's an alarming message — even though the shale rush has stumbled somewhat as gas prices collapsed and many drillers went bankrupt, the cumulative impact of American fracking appears to have set the entire world on a collision course with climate change's most extreme effects.

The climate is changing faster and more dramatically than it might have otherwise, and — far from serving as a bridge fuel — fracking huge amounts of natural gas has already played a significant role in pushing the world toward a vastly more difficult future.

 

Read more:

https://www.desmogblog.com/2018/04/11/climate-change-two-degree-warming-...

 

We've been on the case since (at least) 2007... (compare charts). Gus has been on the case since 1979...

what does this mean?...

Following recent revelations published by senior scientists in Nature magazine observing that the Atlantic Ocean Gulf Stream system is at the weakest level of organization yet recorded, scientists and climatologists are warning that a collapse of the enormous ocean current would result in an extreme impact to the planet's climate, particularly in western Europe which will likely experience freezing winters and much stronger storms.

If the Gulf Stream dissipates, climatologists warn of increased storm severity in Europe, a faster sea-level rise on the eastern seaboard of the US and the likelihood of much more drought across the Sahel region of Africa, according to The Guardian.

The Gulf Stream, known in academic circles as the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC), brings warmer water toward the North Pole from equatorial regions, where it cools, sinks and returns southwards as a denser, deeper current.

Human-induced global warming, however, is slowing the process in which the warmer water is cooled, with heavy runoff from the quickly-melting Greenland ice sheet adding to the problem by spreading less-dense fresh water into the maritime regions, also weakening the AMOC system.

Recent studies show that the strength of the AMOC has declined some 15 percent since 1950, and that it is at its weakest flow in some 1600 years, based on sediment bore studies in the North Carolina seashore as well as research based in Iceland and Greenland.

Leading some of the new climate research, Professor Stefan Rahmstorf, of the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research in Germany and one of the world's leading oceanographers, noted that shifts in the AMOC system can result in very fast changes to continent-wide climate systems.

"From the study of past climate, we know changes in the AMOC have been some of the most abrupt and impactful events in the history of climate," said Rahmstorf, cited by The Guardian.

"We are dealing with a system that in some aspects is highly non-linear, so fiddling with it is very dangerous, because you may well trigger some surprises," he added.

 

Read more:

https://sputniknews.com/environment/201804151063594734-gulf-stream-colla...

 

What does this slowing of the Gulf Stream mean?

Mostly cooler weather in Europe and bitter cold in the UK during winter. This is global warming at work. Global warming is real and anthropogenic.