Saturday 23rd of March 2019

The pyres of europe...

merry-go-round

Christopher Clark’s history of Europe was fascinating — especially if you did not know much about the history of Europe. Going back to the geological formation of the continent, Christopher Clark was brilliantly supported by a large team of German producers who illustrated with excellent reenactments some of the major events in this well-told history. Quite accurately told, till about 1900. 

 

From then on, the narrative plodded and followed a well-trodden troubling path — that of historians who stick to the English version of history. 

 

Christopher Clark is an Australian born and bred brilliant professor of history, and I believe he speaks several languages, including German. He seems to represent the modern side of Britain, which may have wished to “stay in Europe.” In 2015 he was knighted for his services to Anglo-German relations. Sir Christopher Munro ClarkFBA  is the twenty-second Regius Professor of History at the University of Cambridge

 

Christopher Clark was educated at Sydney Grammar School between 1972 and 1978, at the University of Sydney where he studied History, and between 1985 and 1987 at the Freie Universität Berlin. Meanwhile Gus was already in Australia — an Australia that looked like and behaved like Europe back in 1949… 

 

Clark received his PhD at the University of Cambridge, having been a member of Pembroke College, Cambridge from 1987 to 1991. He has been Professor in Modern European History at the University of Cambridge and since 1991 has been a Fellow of St Catharine's College, where he is currently Director of Studies in History. In 2003 Clark was appointed University Lecturer in Modern European History, and in 2006 Reader in Modern European History. His Cambridge University professorship in history followed in 2008. 

 

 

This is where we really really need to divert ourselves away from the official record and walk the controversial tight-rope of modern conspiracies. Conspiracies are not new and Clark of course mentioned a few of them in the building of Europe, though there were far more around than those he alluded to. The competition between the realms of Europe led to wars, dubious alliances, extravagant art and major castle buildings — as well as colonialism and slavery in other countries, even sometimes in Europe itself — in the east. Robbing someone else was the way to get rich. Still is. 

 

The story of Europe became embroiled with that of the USA from the onset. The French fought against the English in America, but this debt was never properly repaid. 

 

The major conspiracies that are engulfing the world today have their roots in the Dollar “anuit coptis” or what is latently “a new world order” under US control. It took till about 1945 with the end of WW2 for this American World Order (which we can compare to a fully-fledged empire) to be enacted as a major world domination. Beforehand, other secret conspiracies (or deceit by a few powerful men) had also taken over the management of democracies for various reasons — the main one being constructing an English hegemony — or the world domination by the British with the help of America. 

 

This premise has been reversed, as we now consider the domination of the world by America with the help of the British. From 1945 onwards, the foreign policies of Europe have been dictated to by the USA. This has been illustrated time and time again by the USA imposing sanctions against Russia, against Iran and other countries — sanctions which have to be adhered to by Europe or else. These hurt Europe more than the targeted countries. This has led to invasion of Europe by “refugees” coming from war-torn countries, as part of USA influence of its dictatorship. Most of this is belittling Europe and goes against its own well-being. Some of the US actions are designed to profit the USA to the detriment of Europe, such as sanctions against the Nord Stream pipeline. One of the former German Chancellor, Shroeder, recently complained that Germany was still “occupied” by the USA.

 

The participation of the US in the revolution in Ukraine has also damaged the relationship between Europe and its neighbours. NATO is a nasty blight on Europe. The anti-Russian sentiment massively cultivated in the English hegemony is not fully-shared by most “other” European countries. Their economies depend on trading with Russia and do not have a “beef” with Russia as it presently is. 

 

This situation has been the result of a succession of structured events, in which Brexit is one of the most recent chapters. In the 1960s, General de Gaulle refused the UK admission to the EU. I suppose he had his own reasons for this refusal that stood till his death, but we can imagine he knew about the UK’s penchant for doing the US “dirty work”. As well he would have been alerted to the way the UK finances were underwritten by massive tax evasion, which only grew bigger and bigger through the London banking system. This is why he also made France to repay the US Marshall plan in full and soon after, to quit NATO. 

 

At this stage we can only hope that the UK be banned from Europe or be made to adhere to the Euro standard — abandoning the Pound Sterling as a currency. As well, the USA has voted itself about a trillion dollar deficit (equivalent) since the end of WW2, EVERY YEAR while demanding strict monetary policies from the Europeans. Furthermore, the USA leads a spying device called the Five Eyes, a system which deliberately spies on friends and foes alike. The UK did its Five Eyes job in spying on Merkel and President Hollande, with little apologies for being exposed. 

 

This tends to create unnecessary tensions to profit the USA. As well, the GFC of 2007 was a financial disaster for Europe, as US financial institutions lent secret moneys to various European countries, especially Greece, totally against the rules and regulations of Europe. This has to be seen as a deliberate sabotage of Europe by the USA. The USA do not want to see a strong Europe. This has been obvious since the 1945, should one look at “history”. 

 

At this stage Christopher Clark can’t be forgiven for glossing over this part of European history. He is part of the English hegemony and its sabotage of Europe which is most important in the future development of Europe, beyond the rules and quaint regulations that define the size of a EC sausage. Europe has to tell the English world and their US masters to shove it.

 

 

Though the Boer war did not affect much of Europe, apart from the English and the Dutch, this was the catalyst for the next stage of the conspiracy for English world domination. Australia, here we come… Meanwhile the USA had their own battles with the Philippines. The destruction of Germany by the English hegemony was the next goal on the list. It took a few years and various manipulated alliances to froth up the populaces for war, which was not so difficult in France as it wanted to regain Alsace and Lorraine — both regions having long been like flotsam and jetsam between two peoples. 

 

What could be deemed a feeble set-up in Sarajevo was used as a pretext to start the hostilities. England had to prevail otherwise the original conspiracies would have been to no avail. The US had to get involved through devious means. By then other events, such as the revolution in Russia changed the dynamics of Europe.

 

Clark's study of the outbreak of the First World WarThe Sleepwalkers: How Europe Went to War in 1914, appeared in English in 2012. The German version followed in 2013. The book challenges the imputation, hitherto widely accepted by mainstream scholars since 1919, of a peculiar "war guilt" attaching to the German Empire, instead mapping carefully the complex mechanism of events and misjudgements that led to war. At this stage one has to read and see the WW1 conspiracy by James Corbett to see what WAS REALLY HAPPENING.  The UK’s masters had decided to destroy Germany. Full stop. 

 

So according to Clark, there was, in 1914, nothing inevitable about it. Bullshit. By 1913, my family in Europe knew war was going to break.  

 

Risks inherent in the strategies pursued by the various governments involved had been taken before without catastrophic consequences: this now enabled leaders to follow similar approaches while not adequately evaluating or recognising those risks.” Many international experts saw this presentation by Clark as ground-breaking. It’s bullshit plus one. War had been planned more than ten years earlier, by Rhodes and his acolytes.

 

The Clark sanitised or expanded version of history thus had to be challenged by “non-historians” but by very serious scholars who did study the documented “conspiracies of the English” to destroy Germany. 

 

 

It only took a bit more than 20 years for WW2 to come along after WW1. There again the USA was brought in the conflict late but it could be said that without Russia, WW2 would have carried on for a few more years.

 

The role played by Ukraine is not a savoury one either. The resurgence of Nazi sentiments in Ukraine is not helping Europe. Ukrainian collaboration with Nazi Germany took place during the military occupation of Ukraine by Nazi Germany in World War II. At that time the new territorial divisions included Distrikt Galizien and Reichskommissariat Ukraine covering both, the south-eastern territories of the Second Polish Republic and the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic across former borders. 

 

Reasons for collaboration included Ukrainian political aspirations for regaining independence, resurgent nationalism, but also anger and resentment against the Soviet government and ethnic Russians for Holodomor, mass arrests and deportations, and executions that occurred in Soviet Ukraine due to accusations of collaborations with Nazi Germany only a few years earlier, particularly among the intelligentsia who were disproportionately targeted. The belief that these acts were also orchestrated by other ethnic groups (such as JewsTatarsRoma people, and Poles) encouraged the prevailing notions of anti-Semitism. However, the absence of Ukrainian autonomy under the Nazis, mistreatment by the Germans, and the deportation of hundreds of thousands of Ukrainians as slave labourers, soon led to a dramatic change in the attitude of some collaborators.

By the time the Red Army returned to Ukraine, a significant number of the population welcomed it as a liberator. About 4.5 million Ukrainians joined the Red Army to fight Nazi Germany, and more than 250,000 served in Soviet partisan paramilitary units, dwarfing the numbers of  anti-soviet soldiers, even in the early years of the war.

 

This Nazi past was rekindled by the US — to the tune of financing the extremist Nazis by up to 5 US$billion — to expel the legitimate Russian- influenced government of Ukraine in 2014. Soros was also part of this caper.

 

 

Post 1945, Europe was exhausted. America, by comparison had lost very few men. Russia had lost far more. 

 

Meanwhile, many stories of the USA belittling Europe could be dug out, the most recent one being this one: 

 

The Trump administration quietly downgraded the diplomatic status of the European Union’s mission to the US late last year, without informing the diplomats themselves, a German report has revealed.

The European Union’s delegation to the US, which had previously enjoyed nation-state ambassador status, was reduced to “international organization” sometime in late October or early November 2018, EU officials told German outlet Deutsche Welle, which first reported the story

Adding insult to injury, nobody notified the mission of the change – which became evident at the state funeral of former President George H. W. Bush, in early December.

READ MORE: ‘Germany can’t accept being treated like an occupied country’ – Former Chancellor Schroeder

During the ceremony, EU ambassador David O'Sullivan was not called up in the usual order of precedence – which goes from the longest-serving to the newest ambassador – which would have put him among the first 20 or 30. Instead, he was called up last among over 150 foreign representatives, according to an unnamed EU official quoted by DW.

 

More to come…

 

Gus Leonisky

 

Historian of glorious rubbish.

 

 

Picture at top by Gus Leoniksy: Merry-go-round in Strasbourg... 

wiesbaden...

weisbaden

Weisbaden (picture by Gus Leonisky)

City officials in Wiesbaden, Germany, are asking U.S. military personnel, including off-duty military police, to respect a new weapons-free zone aimed at preventing night-time violence in parts of the city.

"All kinds of potential weapons such as knives, screwdrivers, sharp-edged or pointed objects, clubs, baseball bats, axes and weighted-knuckle gloves are prohibited between 9 p.m. and 5 a.m.," according to a Jan. 7 U.S. Army press release.

The new regulation, instituted Jan. 1, is designed to help the German Polizei prevent conflicts in the city center more effectively, since "young men have a tendency to solve disputes with a knife," Thomas Becker, first police chief inspector with the Wiesbaden Police Directorate, said in the release.

U.S. military police on duty are not affected by the regulation, but off-duty MPs "will have to respect the new rules like everyone else," Becker said.

The Polizei have the power to check suspicious persons without a particular cause, confiscate their weapons and fine violators up to 5,000 euros, the release states.

The weapons-free zone includes Kirchgasse, Langgasse, Michelsberg, Platz der Deutschen Einheit and parts of the Westend to Hellmundstrasse. Signs will be in place indicating the exact location of the "Waffenverbotszone" by late January, the release states.

U.S. military police frequently patrol civilian areas near large U.S. military bases in Europe. Last week, U.S. MPs and Italian police began conducting joint patrols of local bars following a "number of incidents involving U.S. personnel that reflected negatively on the Vicenza Military Community."

The details of recent incidents are unclear, but last February a paratrooper with the 173rd Airborne Brigade broke an Italian police officer's teeth after his behavior forced bouncers to call for help.

 

Read more:

https://www.military.com/daily-news/2019/01/08/us-troops-must-comply-new...

 

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READ MORE: ‘Germany can’t accept being treated like an occupied country’ – Former Chancellor Schroeder

preparing the next annihilation...

 

The EU votes for the installation of new US missiles in Europe


by Manlio Dinucci


The member States of the European Union have unanimously aligned themselves with the military strategy of their American big brother. They have accepted that their own territory may transform itself into a nuclear battleground in the case of conflict between the United States and Russia.


Near the United Nations Glass Palace in New York, there is a metallic sculpture entitled “Evil Defeated by Good”, representing Saint George transfixing a dragon with his lance. It was donated by the USSR in 1990 to celebrate the INF Treaty concluded with the USA in 1987, which banned land-based short- and mid-range nuclear missiles (a reach of between 500 and 5,000 km). Symbolically,the body of the dragon is in fact made with pieces of US Pershing-2 ballistic missiles (originally based in West Germany) and Soviet SS-20 missiles (originally based in the USSR).


But the nuclear dragon, which in the sculpture is shown as dying, is now being reborn. Thanks to Italy and other countries of the European Union, which, at the United Nations General Assembly, voted against the resolution presented by Russia on the “Preservation and Implementation of the INF Treaty”, rejected by 46 to 43 with 78 abstentions.


The European Union – of which 21 of its 27 members are part of NATO (including the United Kingdom, which is currently leaving the EU) – has thus taken a uniform stance with the position of NATO, which in turn has taken a uniform stance with that of the United States.


The Obama administration first, followed by the Trump administration, have accused Russia, without any proof, of experimenting with a missile from the forbidden category, and have announced their intention of withdrawing from the INF Treaty. At the same time, they have launched a programme aimed at renewing the installation of nuclear missiles in Europe to guard against Russia, while others will also be based in the Asia-Pacific region against China.


The Russian representative at the UN has warned that “this constitutes the beginning of a full-blown arms race”. In other words, he warned that if the United States should once again install in Europe nuclear missiles pointed at Russia (as were the Cruise missiles based in Comiso in the 1980’s), Russia would once again install, on its own territory, similar weapons pointed at targets in Europe (but which would be unable to reach the USA).


Ignoring all that, the EU representative at the UNO accused Russia of sabotaging the INF Treaty, and announced the opposition vote by all the countries of the Union because “the resolution presented by Russia avoids the question under discussion”. Essentially, therefore, the European Union has given the green light to the possible installation of new US missiles in Europe, including Italy.


On a question of this importance, the Conte government, like its predecessors, has abandoned the exercise of national sovereignty and aligned itself with the EU, which, has in turn adopted the position of NATO, under US command. And across the entire political arc, not one voice has been raised to request that it should be the Parliament which decides how to vote at the UNO. And similarly, no voice has been raised in Parliament to request that Italy observe the Non-Proliferation Treaty, which requires that the USA must withdraw its B61 nuclear bombs from our national territory, and must also abstain from installing here, as from the first half of 2020, the new and even more dangerous B61-12’s.


So this is a new violation of the fundamental constitutional principle that “sovereignty belongs to the people”. And since the politico-media apparatus swaddles Italians in the ignorance of these questions of such vital importance, it is also a violation of our right to information, not only in the sense of the freedom to inform, but also the right to be informed.


We must do this now, or else tomorrow there will be no time to decide – a mid-range ballistic missile can reach and destroy its target with its nuclear warhead in between 6 and 11 minutes.


Manlio Dinucci

Translation 

Pete Kimberley

 

Source 

Il Manifesto (Italy)

 

Read more:

http://www.voltairenet.org/article204686.html

 

 

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the kosovo clinton disgrace

 

Jacques Hogard: Europe has died in Pristina

 

 

Colonel Jacques Hogard in the European Parliament, via GeoStrategy

 

 

Conference: “KOSOVO AND METOHIJA – A EUROPEAN  CASE  OF  VIOLENT  SECESSION”



Ladies and gentlemen,


I am pleased to be here today, in the European Parliament, at the invitation of the Center for Geostrategic Studies in Belgrade.


As a senior French officer, I served in Macedonia and then in Kosovo in the first half of 1999. When I was assigned to the French Special Operations Command, I was appointed as the head of the joint special forces group that intervened before the French KFOR Brigade’s deployment under the command of NATO.


It is for this reason that I am speaking today, having published a few years ago a book with a deliberately provocative title: “Europe has died in Pristina”. If you have not read it, I recommend you to do it! There you will find my testimony on this tragic period.

If one speaks of Kosovo, its full name Kosovo-Metohija, it is indeed not possible to ignore the past of this region, the ancient past, the cultural and religious history, the history of the Serbian and Orthodox identity always present through the innumerable and very old monuments, churches, Serbian monasteries found throughout the province, but also the recent past, and especially the events of the 1990s that culminated in 1999 during the war that was imposed on Serbia, with the support of NATO and the European Union to the Albanian KLA rebellion.

It is in this context that I myself intervened in Kosovo at the head of French special forces under British command.

What struck me in Kosovo in 1999 was, first of all, the very large misinformation that preceded and justified the NATO aggression.

Indeed, it is because the word “genocide” was pronounced by the American president Bill Clinton and his secretary of State Madeleine Albright — who gave the fatal and false figure of “100,000 dead” in Kosovo — that NATO will allow itself to attack Serbia in March 1999, after the unacceptable demands made by the Allies to the Serbs during the Rambouillet negotiations which forced them to refuse the Diktat the Allies wanted to impose on them.

However, it would be seen after the 1999 war that the number of the victims from all origins, all ethnic groups, civil or military, was less than 6,000.

Which is far too many of course, but which has nothing to do with a “genocide”.

Today Kosovar authorities practice a sneaky hostile policy to the Serbian, Roma and Gorani minorities. In particular, they are hostile to the maintenance of Orthodox monasteries and religious communities who live there and pray there.

On a daily basis, it is not good being a Serbian, Roma or Gorani in the province of Kosmet today.  Persecutions, vexations, spoliations, physical violence are possible at any time.

It has been seen many times recently, during the visit of the Serbian High Representative Marko Djuric, who was arbitrarily arrested by the Kosovar police while visiting Serbian enclaves in Kosovo; we saw it during the arbitrary arrest of the French Arnaud Gouillon, president of the remarkable French NGO “Solidarité Kosovo”; we saw it again last Friday at dawn with the violent intervention of this same “Kosovo police” against Serbian citizens of Kosovska Mitrovica, whose fate is unknown until today. And finally, the authorities in Kosovo recently introduced high taxes on all products coming from central Serbia, even medication and food, which puts at risk the health and lives of  many Serbs in the province.

Obviously, the so called “republic of Kosovo” is anything but a state of law, a democratic state, where the rights and dignity of the human person are respected.

The fact that this puppet state is today supported with large amounts of European public money by the European Union is for me a real subject of shame and indignation. I allow myself to say so here.

It is also true that seeing the  president of Kosovo welcomed in Paris with great pomp and ceremony during the Centenary of the 1918 Victory is also a subject of shame for me, as a grandson of two French officers badly wounded during the Great War and as a grand nephew of a young officer killed in 1917 in the north of Macedonia.

Moreover, I learned yesterday that the Albanian Prime Minister, Edi Rama, presented at a joint meeting of the governments of Kosovo and Albania in Pec the idea of ​​a “national project of unification of Albania and Kosovo”.

Edi Rama invited the Kosovan Prime Minister Ramush Haradinaj to start developing a “joint strategy for the unification of Albanians by 2025“.

Is the old dream of the League of Prizren about to be realized?

In any case, I have never personally thought that the “Republic of Kosovo” has a future; I said it and wrote it: this puppet state has no other solution than to join back the motherland, Serbia, or to merge with conquering Albania.  The latter would be a piece of real robbery, iniquitous and scandalous, which promises to be achieved in a quarter of century by the mafia clans of Kosovo with the blessing of international institutions.

If that were to happen, it would certainly be the beginning of a period of very great unrest in the entire Balkans.

We, the French people, saw in 1871 what happened to Alsace-Lorraine unduly annexed by Germany!

It took almost 50 years, then a world war and its millions of dead for these French provinces to finally return to France, their motherland.

Let us be clear, it will be the same with Kosovo in due course.

That is why, if we want to avoid kindling another war in the region, it is essential to return to the fundamentals that the UN Resolution 1244 expresses very clearly in its own way.

Kosovo and Metohija is an integral and inalienable part of the Republic of Serbia.  That it has a certain autonomy is perfectly understandable, but with respect for the sovereignty of the Serbian state.   The latter must be restored and the European Union will grow by helping this with its influence.

This would be the only real means of guaranteeing future generations in this part of Europe a just and lasting peace.

Finally, let me add that reconciliation between the different communities populating Kosovo is only possible if the whole truth of history is restored and the responsibilities of each party are well defined.

That is why it seems essential to me that the judicial procedure initiated within the European Union a few years ago, in 2013, concerning the war crimes of KLA and in particular the abominable organ trafficking crimes denounced in the Dick Marti Report, which was expected to give results in 2015, be reactivated and completed.

The credibility of the European Union is at stake.

Thank you for your attention.

Colonel Jacques Hogard
Brussels, European Parliamen, November 28, 2018
.

 

Read more:

https://off-guardian.org/2019/01/12/jacques-hogard-europe-has-died-in-pr...

 

 

 

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the US diktat in europe...

 

British think-tanks call for “US leadership” in Europe

“Rebuilding US leading role is the key for European security” say British experts, but the new political realities inspire doubts


January 4, Anonymous hackers released the new batch of documents from the Integrity Initiative – a government-funded program run by the London based Institute for Statecraft. The Institute for Statecraft describes itself as “an independent body dedicated to refreshing the practice of statecraft, to improving governance and to enhancing national security”. The Integrity Initiative: Defending Democracy against Disinformation is one of the Institute’s projects aimed at countering Russian propaganda as well as all kinds of “attempts to influence the policies and undermine the societies of the West”.


The released batch inter alia contains the files on the Integrity Initiative efforts in the USA. These documents worth being examined more carefully because they show a questionable approach to European security shared by some British think tankers. The experts believe a reassertion of the US political and military domination in Europe is the only way for the West to counter Russia, China and Daesh/IS.


“The West is badly in need of a reassertion of US leadership. The EU has been unable to generate any strategic thinking or to exercise convincing leadership. Russia (& China) are successfully driving wedges between EU Member States and between Allies within NATO. Brexit has added to the confusion.


The US also needs to rebuild its understanding of Russia and how to deal with it, so as to (a) improve its own governance at a time of transition, and (b) rebuild its leading role in Europe via NATO and via encouragement to the EU, to enable them to deal more effectively with the new challenge to our democratic structures and processes posed by Russia (and China, and Daesh/IS) today,” the documents recently leaked by the Anonymous state.


In other words British security experts welcome American military bases on European soil and supremacy of American national interests over the interests of European nations. They believe that American military power will save the Europeans from “Russian hybrid warfare”, Chinese expansion and jihadists. This approach looks more than flimsy.


The problem of IS sleeping agents in Europe has no military solution at all. China shows no intention to annex Europe; it sees the Old Continent as an attractive market but not as the battlefield.


The problem of “the Russian threat” is more complex. Today it more looks like a mirage widely used by mass media to fuel anti-Russian hysteria necessary to justify increase in defense spending. By February, it could turn into a Cold War-style standoff between Russia and the West as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announced, that the US had given Russia 60 days to comply with the Intermediate-range Nuclear Forces (INF) treaty or it would no longer abide by the agreement and could produce, test and deploy new missiles in NATO member states. There is now doubt Moscow will respond in kind by deploying missiles in its Western regions.


The new political realities show imprudence of the approach to European security developed by the think-tankers from the Institute for Statecraft. American military facilities are the last things necessary for the Europeans to feel safe. What the Europeans really need to do is to stay away from the up-coming missile duel between Trump and Putin.

 

Read more:

https://off-guardian.org/2019/01/12/british-think-tanks-call-for-us-lead...

 

 

 

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of mediocre journalism...

...

Thierry Meyssan: It is very difficult for an Allied government in the United States to describe US wars as illegal. Charles De Gaulle had allowed himself in his speech of Phnom Penh, Jacques Chirac preferred to emphasize that wars are "the worst of solutions".


Most French media obviously do not have the ability to think for themselves. Moreover, their journalists are no longer analysts, just commentators. In the past, "journalist" was not a job, but a means of spreading a thought. Since the 1980s, media owners have created "schools" of journalism. Their future employees are trained to handle agency dispatches without challenging them. These professional "journalists" constitute a homogeneous caste that has become the clergy of the dominant religion. They ignore many things, including international law, although it was built by French and Russians. We have witnessed a drastic fall in the intellectual level of the elites in our country; a process that is being reversed as a result of the current revolt. Now citizens are debating again our common interest. They show a political maturity of which both the journalists and our leaders are deprived. It will be necessary for the media to recruit again, as journalists, competent persons.


This problem is recurrent in our history. The first French newspaper, La Gazette, in the 17th century was written by Théophraste Renaudot for Cardinal Richelieu. He was a "professional journalist". But only personalities like Voltaire denouncing the Knight of La Barre or Zola that of Captain Dreyfus are in my eyes real journalists.

 

 

Translation by Jules Letambour.

 

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http://www.voltairenet.org/article204719.html

 

 

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"THE HISTORY OF THE GREAT EVENTS OF THIS WORLD ARE SCARCELY MORE THAN THE HISTORY OF CRIME." 

--VOLTAIRE

of mediocre filosofy...

The French thinker Bernard-Henri Lévy has emerged as the poster boy for the defense of “Europe” against the advance of the nationalist-populist parties so dreaded by the establishment. Yet Lévy’s involvement is more likely than not to turn out as a boon to the nationalists. That’s because, in his long media-saturating career as a Parisian public philosophe, Lévy has been an important shaper of the attitudes that have brought France to its current unhappiness.

A wiser political strategy for the neoliberal Merkelist and Macronist parties would be to downplay their ideological distinctions and present their candidates, however disingenuously, as unexceptional center-left and center-right patriots. Macron has been attempting this, with some success, in his own battle against the gilet jaunes. He now appears on TV with a French national flag prominently at his side, and seeks to woo audiences with flattering patriotic references to France’s “uniqueness.”

But here comes Lévy, organizing a public letter signed by 30 writers and intellectuals throwing down the ideological gauntlet in the coming elections. “The idea of Europe is in peril,” Lévy and his co-signers intone. It is being attacked by “false prophets drunk on resentment and delirious at their opportunity to seize the limelight.” France’s elections in May, say Lévy and his signatories, “promise to be the most calamitous we have known.” He summons Europeans to “a new battle for civilization.” Urgently they “sound the alarm” against “these arsonists of soul and spirit who want to make a bonfire of our freedoms.” And Lévy isn’t stopping at a mere public letter. He promises a tour of two dozen European cities beginning in March. At 70, he bids to become the continent-wide face of resistance to the Euroskeptic parties. 

There is a consistency here that ought to be respected. Bernard-Henri Lévy, or BHL as he is known in France, has been a career-long foe of French nationalism. In L’Ideologie francaise, the 1981 book that cemented his stature as the most telegenic of the French “New Philosophers” and made him a glittering figure in the intello/media world, BHL gave an energetic middlebrow boost to an idea that has become a commonplace trope for every antifa or casseur who wants to stifle free speech at a Western university: everyone you don’t approve of is basically Hitler. 

In his book, BHL argued that the French didn’t need to defeat the Nazis in 1940 to fall into fascism, that the precursors to the Vichy regime were already everywhere in French intellectual life. They made up, as his title proclaimed, “The” French ideology. This was a distorted simplification of an argument that had been made by serious historians—disdain for parliamentary democracy, hostility to bourgeois capitalism, anti-Semitism, all infused into Vichy, were hardly German monopolies. But BHL took the argument to its outer limits and beyond, sweeping up virtually any French writer of renown and patriotic sensibility. Maurice Barrès, literary celebrant of a French people formed by common blood and soil—a Vichy precursor. Christian socialist Charles Péguy, also a Vichy precursor. The French communist party is reproached by BHL not for being excessively Stalinist, but for being too French. Every French writer who’s ever extolled the French people became in BHL’s telling a predecessor to national socialism.

As Eric Zémmour concluded in a scathing critique of the work: “love of France, it’s the right and far right; the far right, that’s Vichy; Vichy, that’s the Vel’ d’Hiv roundup; Vel’ d’Hiv, that’s the extermination of the Jews. QED, love of France=extermination of Jews.” The book made a splash and sold well, despite scathing criticism of its oversimplifications by some (like Raymond Aron) who had been friendly to Lévy and was generally favorable towards the New Philosophers as a group. Lévy’s work was a critical opening shot in a cultural war during which the French interior minister could not expel an illegal immigrant without being barraged by bien-pensant human rights activists comparing him to Hitler. This, of course, is the era in which we now live.

BHL’s career did not stop there—he was a vigorous pamphleteer and human rights enthusiast, albeit selectively. Cameras could find him on the barricades of the Maidan or persuading his friend President Nicolas Sarkozy that France must assist the rebels seeking to overthrow Libya’s Moammar Gaddafi. Yet not all human rights victims merited BHL’s concern, and some blood and soil nationalisms turned out to be more acceptable than others. Late in life, Levy developed a great attachment to Israel. He is now an apologist for whatever the Israeli government feels like inflicting on Palestinians, in Gaza or elsewhere. As Zémmour puts it, noting the contrast between Lévy’s media interventions in France and Israel, “BHL got in the habit of playing a double role, Zola in Paris and Barrès in Jerusalem.”

So now this aging and very rich philosophe will be a most prominent public face of the campaign to save Europe from the Euroskeptic parties. The election debate in general is likely to be fascinating and without precedent. The right-wing and nationalist parties have, in general, a nuanced view of Europe—their nationalism, such as it is, is directed not against other Europeans, but against mass immigration from beyond Europe’s shores. Their views are roughly those held by Charles de Gaulle: that a Europe of nation states is more likely to sustain and nurture the creative aspects of European civilization than a Europe dominated by bureaucrats who have elevated freedom of movement and universal human rights into an ersatz religion. But much remains much to be worked out in practice.

 

 

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europe — caught between two political species...

Geopolitics of Europe and the Iron Law of Evolutionary Biology


Europe after the Brexit, NATO 70 summit and Turkish geopolitical vertigo


Professor Anis H. Bajrektarević



freshly released IMF’s World Economic Outlook brings no comforting picture to anyone within the G-7, especially in the US and EU: The WTO Round is dead, trade wars are alive, GCC is rapidly Pakistanising while the Asia’s core and its Far East slows down. No comfort either comes from the newest Oxfam Report – Are 26 billionaires worth more than half the planet?, which the ongoing Davos Vanity Fair known as the WEF tries to ignore (as much as this gathering of capital sustains in ignoring labor). The Brexit after-shock is still to reverberate around.

In one other EXIT, Sartre’s Garcin famously says: ‘Hell is other people’. Indeed, the business of othering remains lucrative: The NATO 70 summit will desperately look for enemies. Escalation, the best way to preserve eroded unity, requires the confrontational nostalgia dictatum. Will the passionately US-pushed cross-Atlantic Free Trade Area (substituting the abandoned TIPP and compensating for the Sino-US trade war) save the day? Or, would that Pact-push drag the things over the edge of reinvigorating nationalisms, and mark an end of the unionistic Europe?

Is the extended EU conflict with Russia actually a beginning of the Atlantic-Central Europe’s conflict over Russia, an internalization of mega geopolitical and geo-economic dilemma – who accommodates with whom, in and out of the post-Brexit Union? Finally, does more Ukrainian (Eastern Europe’s or MENA) calamities pave the road for a new cross-continental grand accommodation, of either austerity-tired France or über-performing Germany with Russia, therefore the end of the EU? Southeast flank already enormously suffer. Hasty castling of foes and friends caused colossal geopolitical vertigo in Turkey, whose accelerated spin produces more and more victims.

For whose sake Eastern Europe has been barred of all important debates such as that of Slavism, identity, social cohesion (disintegrated by the plunder called ‘privatization’), secularism and antifascism? Why do we suddenly wonder that all around Germany-led Central Europe, the neo-Nazism gains ground while only Russia insists on antifascism and (pan-)Slavism?

Before answering that, let us examine what is (the meaning and size of) our Europe? Where, how and – very importantly – when is our Europe?


THE LETZTE MENSCH OR ÜBERMENSCH 

Is the EU an authentic post-Westphalian conglomerate and the only logical post-Metternich concert of different Europes, the world’s last cosmopolitan enjoying its postmodern holiday from history? Is that possibly the lost Atlántida or mythical Arcadia – a Hegelian end of history world? Thus, should this OZ be a mix of the endemically domesticated Marx-Engels grand utopia and Kennedy’s dream-world “where the weak are safe and the strong are just”?

Or, is it maybe as Charles Kupchan calls it a ‘postmodern imperium’? Something that exhorts its well-off status quo by notoriously exporting its transformative powers of free trade dogma and human rights stigma – a modified continuation of colonial legacy when the European conquerors, with fire and sword, spread commerce, Christianity and civilization overseas – a kind of ‘new Byzantium’, or is that more of a Richard Young’s declining, unreformed and rigid Rome? Hence, is this a post-Hobbesian (yet, not quite a Kantian) world, in which the letzte Mensch expelled Übermensch?

Could it be as one old graffiti in Prague implies: EU=SU²? Does the EU-ization of Europe equals to a restoration of the universalistic world of Rome’s Papacy, to a restaging of the Roman-Catholic Caliphate? Is this Union a Leonard’s runner of the 21st century, or is it perhaps Kagan’s ‘Venus’– gloomy and opaque world, warmer but equally distant and unforeseen like ‘Mars’?

Is this a supersized Switzerland (ruled by the cacophony of many languages and enveloped in economic egotism of its self-centered people), with the cantons (MS, Council of EU) still far more powerful than the central government (the EU Parliament, Brussels’ Commission, ECJ), while Swiss themselves –although in the geographic heart of that Union – stubbornly continue to defy any membership. Does it really matter (and if so, to what extent) that Niall Ferguson wonders: …the EU lacks a common language, a common postal system, a common soccer team [Britain as well, rem. A.B.] even a standard electric socket…“?

Kissinger himself was allegedly looking for a phone number of Europe, too. Baron Ridley portrayed the Union as a Fourth Reich, not only dominated by Germany, but also institutionally Germanized. Another conservative Briton, Larry Siedentop, remarked in his Democracy in Europe that it is actually France who is running the EU ‘show’, in the typical French way – less than accountable bureaucracy that prevents any evolution of the European into an American-style United States. Thus, Siedentop’s EU is more of a Third Bonapartistic Empire than possibly a Fourth German Reich. The Heartland or Rimland?


(D)EVOLUTIONARY BIOLOGY AND GEOPOLITICS

Regardless of different names and categorizations attached, historical analogies and descriptions used, most scholars would agree upon the very geopolitical definition of the EU: Grand re-approachment of France and Germany after WWII, culminating in the Elysée accords of 1961. An interpretation of this instrument is rather simple: a bilateral peace treaty through achieved consensus by which Germany accepted a predominant French say in political affairs of EU/Europe, and France – in return – accepted a more dominant German say in economic matters of EU/Europe. All that tacitly blessed by a perfect balancer – Britain, attempting to conveniently return to its splendid isolation from the Continent in the post-WWII years. Hence, living its Brexit distance from the continental Europe for most of its history.

Consequently, nearly all scholars would agree that the Franco-German alliance actually represents a geopolitical axis, a backbone of the Union.

However, the inner unionistic equilibrium will be maintained only if the Atlantic-Central Europe skillfully calibrates and balances its own equidistance from both assertive Russia and the omnipresent US. Any alternative to the current Union is a grand accommodation of either France or Germany with Russia. This means a return to Europe of the 18th, 19th and early 20th centuries – namely, direct confrontations over the Continent’s core sectors, perpetual animosities wars and destructions.

Both Russia and the US has demonstrated ability for a skillful and persistent conduct of international affairs, passions and vigorous visions to fight for their agendas. Despite the shifts in political affiliations and drives triggered by the Brexit, migrants, economic performance or generational in/compassions, it is a high time for Brussels to live up to its very idea, and to show the same.
Biology and geopolitics share one basic rule: comply or die.


Professor Anis H. Bajrektarević is chairperson and professor in international law and global political studies, Vienna, Austria. He has authored six books (for American and European publishers) and numerous articles on, mainly, geopolitics energy and technology. For the past decades, he has over 1,200 hours of teaching on the subject International Law and Relations (including lecturing in both Kiev and Moscow universities and Diplomatic Academy). He is editor of the NY-based GHIR (Geopolitics, History and Intl. Relations) journal, and editorial board member of several similar specialized magazines on three continents. His 7th book, From WWI to www. – Europe and the World 1918-2018 was to released in December.

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italy — the only white sheep of the EU flock...

The Italian government announced that it vetoed the EU’s recognition of Juan Guaidó as the “Acting President” when the Council of Foreign Ministers met in Romania on 31 January 2019. ‎

Despite this, the governments of Spain, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Denmark, France, Holland and Portugal, lined up to recognize Juan Guaidó as the “President ‎ in charge of Venezuela”, borrowing the language adopted last Monday by Spanish Prime Minister ‎Pedro Sánchez. ‎

During the legislative elections held in Venezuela in 2015, the Opposition to President Nicolas Maduro obtained a substantial majority in the National Assembly. However, in the 2018 Presidential elections, Nicolas Maduro was re-elected once again. This created a situation in which there were two bases for legitimacy, a situation unforeseen by the constitution. Refusing to accept the situation, the Opposition declares that the Presidential Election had been “rigged”, as even through the constitutional arbiter was the National Electoral Council, which was composed of the same persons that had certified the victory of the opposition in the 2015 legislative elections. ‎ Furthermore, the opposition then latched onto article 233 of the Constitution to declare that the President of the National Assembly, Juan Guaidó, automatically becomes the acting president of Venezuela. However, this is false given that this article provides that the President of the Legislature only assumes the exercise of executive power in the event of an absence proved and duly certified by the President of the Republic for reasons such as physical incapacity or ‎ death. ‎

The United States is exploiting the internal conflict between the opposition and the Chavistas to create conditions to justify a foreign military intervention against the Bolivarian State. ‎

Translation 
Anoosha Boralessa

 

 

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ready to commit suicide once more...

The US burial of the INF Treaty with European complicity


by  Manlio Dinucci

 

The Pentagon has decided to install medium-range nuclear missiles in Europe, which would turn this territory into a battle-field in case of a war between the two Great Powers. It’s no surprise that NATO and the European Union have approved the suicide of the European nations.

The « suspension » of the Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces Treaty (INF), announced on 1 February by Secretary of State Mike Pompeo, has launched the count-down which, within six months, will count the United States out of the Treaty definitively. As from today, in any case, the USA considers itself free to test and to deploy weapons of the category forbidden by the Treaty – ground-based medium-range nuclear missiles (between 500 and 5,500 km).

The nuclear missiles installed in Europe in the 1980’s belong to this category – Pershing-2 ballistic missiles, installed by the United States in West Germany, and ground-launched cruise missiles, installed by the United States in Great Britain, Italy, West Germany, Belgium and Holland, under the pretext of defending the European allies from the SS-20 ballistic missiles installed by the Soviet Union on its own territory.

The INF Treaty, signed in 1987 by Presidents Gorbatchev and Reagan, eliminated all the missiles of this category, including those based in Comiso (Sicily).

The INF Treaty was called into question by Washington when the United States saw their strategic advantage over Russia and China diminish. In 2014, the Obama administration accused Russia, without the slightest proof, of having tested a cruise missile (mark 9M729) belonging to the category forbidden by the Treaty. And in 2015, it announced that « due to the violation of the INF Treaty by Russia, the United States are considering the deployment in Europe of ground-based missiles ». This plan was confirmed by the Trump administration. In 2018, Congress authorised the financing of a « research and development programme for a cruise missile launched from a road-based mobile platform ». From Moscow’s side, they denied that their cruise missile violated the Treaty and in turn accused Washington of having installed, in Poland and Romania, launch ramps for interceptor missiles (from the « shield »), which can be used to launch cruise missiles bearing nuclear warheads.

In this context, we have to remember the geographical factor – while a US medium-range nuclear missile based in Europe can hit Moscow, a similar missile based by Russia on its own territory can reach the European capitals, but not Washington. If we turn the scenario round, it’s as if Russia were to install its medium-range nuclear missiles in Mexico.

The US plan to bury the INF Treaty has been fully supported by the European allies of NATO. The North Atlantic Council declared, on 4 December 2018, that the « the INF Treaty is in danger because of the actions of Russia », which was accused of deploying « a destabilising missile system ». The same Council declared yesterday its « full support for the action of the United States in suspending its obligations concerning the INF Treaty » and told Russia to use the remaining six months to « return to a complete observance of the Treaty » [1].

The collapse of the INF Treaty was also helped along by the contribution of the European Union which, at the UN General Assembly on 21 December 2018, voted against the resolution presented by Russia on the « Preservation and implementation of the INF Treaty », rejected by 46 votes against 43, with 78 abstentions. The European Union – of which 21 of its 27 members are also members of NATO (the United Kingdom remains a member while leaving the EU) – rallied unanimously to the position of NATO, which in turn rallied unanimously to that of the United States. In substance, then, the European Union has also given its green light for the possible installation of new US nuclear missiles in Europe, including Italy.

On a question of this importance, the Conte government, like those before it, has aligned itself with both NATO and the EU. And across the whole political arc, not one voice was raised to state that Parliament should decide how to vote at the UNO on the INF Treaty. And again, no voice was raised in Parliament to ask that Italy should observe the non-proliferation Treaty and adhere to that of the UNO concerning the ban on nuclear weapons, forcing the USA to withdraw from our national territory its B61 nuclear bombs and not to install, from the first half of 2020, the even more dangerous B61-12’s.

Since it has on its territory nuclear weapons and US strategic installations, with the Muos and the Jtags in Sicily, Italy is exposed to growing dangers as an advanced base of US nuclear forces, and thus a target for Russian forces. A medium-range ballistic nuclear missile takes between 6 and 11 minutes to reach its target. A fine example for the defence of our sovereignty, inscribed in the Constitution, and for our security, that the Government guaranteed by closing the door to migrants, but opening it wide to admit US nuclear weapons.

Manlio Dinucci

Translation 
Pete Kimberley

Source 
Il Manifesto (Italy)

 

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