Tuesday 17th of September 2019

the united states of niccolò machiavelli: sub realismi cuiusdam politici…

MachiavelliMachiavelli
Slowly but surely we come to “understand” politics. 
The Realism Reader is a book that provides broad coverage of a centrally important tradition in the study of foreign policy and international politics. After some years in the doldrums, political realism is again in contention as a leading tradition in the international relations sub-field. 



Gus: We shall not confuse "realism" with REALITY. Realism is about deception in politics, in order to achieve supremacy —after having accepted the premise that "other states are as bad and as devious as we are". In art, realism is also a form of grand deception as it does not provide any historical sequence, nor the three dimensional aspect of reality — now frozen in two dimensions.


Wikipedia provides the basic guff about political realism:
...

Neorealists are also divided between defensive and offensive realism. Realists trace the history of their ideas back through classical antiquity, beginning with Thucydides.

Jonathan Haslam characterizes 
[political] realism as "a spectrum of ideas."[1] Its theories revolve around four central propositions:[2]

• states are the central actors in international politics, rather than leaders or international organizations;
• the international political system is anarchic, as there is no supranational authority to enforce rules;
• states act in their rational self-interest within the international system; and
• states desire power to ensure self-preservation.

Realism is often associated with Realpolitik, as both deal with the pursuit, possession, and application of power. Realpolitik, however, is an older prescriptive guideline limited to policy-making, while realism is a wider theoretical and methodological paradigm to describe, explain, and predict events in international relations. As an academic pursuit, realism is not tied to ideology; it does not favor any particular moral philosophy, nor does it consider ideology to be a major factor in the behavior of nations. Priorities of realists have been described as Machiavellian, single-mindedly seeking the power of one's own nation over others.

Read more:
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Realism_%28international_relations%29.


• states are the central actors in international politics, rather than leaders or international organizations: THE DEEP STATE.

• the international political system is anarchic, as there is no supranational authority to enforce rules: BUGGER THE UNITED NATIONS ORGANISATION.

• states act in their rational self-interest within the international system: COMMIT HIGHWAY ROBBERY, TRASH TRADE AND ARM LIMITATION AGREEMENTS. USE DECEIVING TACTICS TO GAIN THE UPPER HAND. BLAME OTHERS FOR YOUR OWN deliberate DIRTY DEEDS.

• states desire power to ensure self-preservation: HAVE THE BIGGEST ARMY IN THE WORLD.



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So, The Realism Reader provides a dangerous legitimisation of basically behaving like a cultured psychopathic hooligan: Niccolò Machiavelli. 


Divided into three main sections, the book covers seven different and distinctive approaches within the realist tradition: classical realism, balance of power theory, neorealism, defensive structural realism, offensive structural realism, rise and fall realism, and neoclassical realism. 


The middle section of the volume covers realism’s engagement with critiques levelled by liberalism, institutionalism, and constructivism and the English School. The final section of the book provides materials on realism’s engagement with some contemporary issues in international politics, with collections on United States (U.S.) hegemony, European cooperation, and whether future threats will arise from non-state actors or the rise of competing great powers. 

Here comes China and Russia… : countries who also have understood the game of "political realism" after years of victimisation...


"The book offers a logically coherent and manageable framework for organizing the realist canon, and provides exemplary literature in each of the traditions and dialogues which are included in the volume. Offering substantial commentary and analysis and including enhanced pedagogy to facilitate student learning, The Realism Reader will provide a 'one-stop-shop' for undergraduates and masters students taking a course in contemporary international relations theory, with a particular focus on realism." 
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Gus: yes, the book provides the pathway on how to become a sociopathic bully who will kill people for no other reason than to stay on top. To achieve this aim, many forms of deceit will be invented, and at large, us, the populace and our rotten western media, never ask the REAL questions about our COMPLETELY absent political ethics. Sure we will rely on Christian values which are manipulated such to become completely devilish — or hide REALITY.

This is why, IN REALITY, “realist” governments refuse to accept the theory of global warming (the USA, Australia, the UK leading the denial — though the UK and Australia have indulged in windmills during "leftist" governments).

This is why “realist” governments will stir and create international political tensions through FAKE DIPLOMACY in order to provide THEIR (sociopathic) solutions which demand submission or destruction.

This is why the USA hate socialism far more than terrorism. IDEALLY, Socialism tries to provide a human scale of “equality” between people, while REALISM politics demand AND ENFORCE “inequality” in order to enrich the rich and keep the poor away from the loot — or even have a decent shot at life.

This is why the STATES will often use TERRORISM to destroy other countries where socialism has been effective at bringing the poor out of poverty. VENEZUELA  and SYRIA come to mind... Libya was the victim of such as well, all led by this hypocritical femme fatale: La Madam Clinton who of course was an agent of the DEEP STATE.

GL

wrong policies...

china

From Phillip Adams...

THE WEEKEND AUSTRALIAN MAGAZINE

12:00AM AUGUST 17, 2019

From the time of Martin Luther’s virulent anti-Semitism to Hitler’s Holocaust, Germany was calamitous for Jews. Add the slaughter of two world wars and Germany has a history of violence that’s hard to challenge. Though the Soviets did, under Stalin. Imperial Japan had its history of inflicting horror, from the Rape of Nanking to the Burma Railway. Ditto Mao’s China – and on to Tiananmen and Tibet. But when it comes to an innate culture of violence, America, the Home of the Brave, wins the Oscars, Emmys and Tonys. And not only because of the immense death toll of its internecine and international wars.


A list of America’s scores of wars would crowd this magazine from cover to cover, beginning with the war of independence with the British and on to Mexico, Korea, Vietnam, Afghanistan and Iraq. More wars than stars on Old Glory. In the “Indian wars” from 1622 to 1924, countless Native Americans were subjected to a genocidal onslaught (the destruction of the bison herds, the staple diet of the 500 Nations, was intended to starve the indigenous people). The other bloodstain on US history, the monstrous violence of slavery, still echoes and reverberates. Millions of slaves then, millions of African Americans in the prison system now. Do black lives matter? Looking at ongoing killings at the hands of white cops, it would seem not.


’Twas ever thus. Even after 620,000 died in a civil war to end slavery, thousands of African Americans were lynched in public spectacles by the KKK and their ilk, with such murders surging during the civil rights movement. As Texas governor, George W. Bush (billed as “the compassionate conservative”) exulted in confirming the fate of Death Row prisoners, who were overwhelmingly black: 154 executions were carried out on his watch.

But that was nothing to the millions killed, maimed, maddened and displaced by his invasion of Iraq. His “Shock and Awe” TV war seemed to amplify the ultraviolence of video games. The dominoes of that insanity, that vast war crime, are still falling throughout the Middle East – while Saudi Arabia, central to 9/11, remains very welcome in Trump’s Oval Office. The US dropped two A-bombs on an Asian country – and millions of tonnes of explosives, napalm and Agent Orange on another. More than a million Vietnamese pointlessly killed; thousands of kids born with deformities. It was the US during the Cold War that coined terms like “overkill” and “megadeath” and MAD, for Mutual Assured Destruction – forcing President Eisenhower, when leaving office, to warn the world of America’s “military industrial complex”.

US cities have burned in the modern era. The Watts riot, the LA riots. We’ve watched in disbelief as presidents and national leaders have been shot. This month’s mass shootings are part of an appalling trend; there were 39,773 gun deaths in the US in 2017. Yet every attempt at tougher gun laws fails. Insane drug laws trigger the War on Drugs and danger in the streets and the US spends more on building prisons than universities.

Killing is the principal form of entertainment in US cinema, on television and in video “games”. That’s unsurprising given the political and cultural clout of the National Rifle Association, an organisation fomenting bigotry and butchery. And the current POTUS applauds racism.

The Militia movement encourages more home-grown terrorism (remember the Oklahoma bombing?). And the US endlessly plots violent “regime change” around the world (remember that other 9/11 – in Chile, 1973?). And here we go again, in Iran.

 

Read more:

https://www.theaustralian.com.au/weekend-australian-magazine/star-spangled-blood-spattered-banner/

 

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From Phillip Adams, see also:

MINE eyes have seen the glory of the coming of the Lord He is trampling out the vintage where the grapes of wrath are stored.About the same time as America's Julia Ward Howe was writing these lyrics for The Battle Hymn of the Republic - that magnificent anthem for the abolitionists - Arthur Sullivan was setting the banal words of Sabine Baring-Gould to music for the battle hymn of the British monarchy, Onward Christian Soldiers. It was nothing as lofty as freeing the slaves that inspired Sullivan. This most jingoistic of jingles was so unashamedly imperialist that it sounds like a parody of patriotism by his usual collaborator W.S. Gilbert, a song to follow "I am the very model of a modern Major-General".

Recruiting Jesus for military purposes was hardly new - think of the Crusades - but no other song had been so tub-thumping. Little wonder that it was Winston Churchill's wartime favourite, and Australian state school students sang it in Religious Instruction. (In 2D at Eltham High we begged to sing it - it was more fun than soppy stuff about Jesus wanting us to be sunbeams). Or that embarrassed Anglicans, Methodists and Presbyterians provoked controversy by trying to remove it from their respective hymnals.

And presumably it's a favourite of Lt. Colonel Gary Hensley, chief chaplain for the US Army in Afghanistan. Like the born-again Bush - who told anyone who'd listen that he was on a mission from God - Hensley is a fundamentalist who tells the troops they're fighting the Muslims for Jesus. He preached in one recent sermon: "There is no one else to come! There is no new revelation! There is no new religion! Jesus is IT! ... God! Sent! His! Son! Whoo!!" And the troops shouted in reply: "AMEN!"

Hensley's sermon, which was broadcast on Al Jazeera, confirms Islam's worst fears about the US's real purpose in Iraq and Afghanistan. And he is just one of an army of chaplains and officers in the American military running this line. Though the US military is slightly less religious than the overall population, the marketing of current conflicts as "crusades" (remember the back-pedalling from Washington when Bush let that word slip after 9/11?) is increasing the temperature throughout the Arab world. Hensley and his ilk sound as nuts as the Taliban, as fanatical as bin Laden.

The takeover of military chaplaincies by fundamentalists began in the Reagan era (previously the religious affiliation of chaplains had accurately reflected the religious demography of the US) and wildly accelerated under Bush. At last count more than two-thirds of the military's 2900 active-duty chaplains were affiliated with the evangelicals.

It's not only America's Muslims who are appalled. So are US Jews, Episcopalians and Catholics. And with the phenomenon of gung-ho, gun-ho Christian soldiers out of control, the problem has landed on Obama's desk - but after his problems with the Reverend Jeremiah Wright during his campaign and the continuing rage of the religious Right in the Republican Party, the new Commander-in-Chief is hiding under his Oval Office desk. Thus far his response to the situation has been as gutless and evasive as Clinton's was to gays in the military.

All together now: Onward Christian Soldiers/ marching as to war/with the cross of Jesus/going on before ... Combining religiosity with war is overwhelmingly dangerous. We see that with Islamist terrorism. We must guard against the same madness in our military ranks.

I first read these stories - and they're just the tip of the iceberg - in a major essay in Harper's Magazine by contributing editor Jeff Sharlet, and later from a conversation we had on Late Night Live. Sharlet went on to report related problems of Christian zealotry - bigotry and hostile acts directed at Muslims, Jews and atheists serving in the US armed forces. He describes the scale and intensity of the indoctrination of young soldiers, and of their behaviour in Iraq and Afghanistan, as "an evangelical coup".

And don't forget that Australians are serving with these crusading Christians in Afghanistan. I pray that the most Christian prime minister in Australian history sees the dangers.
Originally published [2009] as Divine recruitment

 

Read from top.

 

See also:

Truth in art

 

"The Age of Deceit"

 

"The Age of Deceit" - 2

 

"The Age of Deceit" - 3

 

Age of deceit- chapter one part one

 

and for good measure:

 

The beginning of the uprising...