Monday 20th of March 2023

pig hotel by the sea shore.....

A new multi-story facility in the central Hubei province is being touted as the “world’s tallest hog breeding site” that will house tens of thousands of pigs, as companies seek to modernize the husbandry sector and satisfy the country’s growing appetite for pork.

The 26-story breeding facility came under the spotlight after its owner, Hubei Zhongxinkaiwei Modern Farming Co. Ltd., announced it would kick off production at the end of August, according to media reports. Located in the city of Ezhou, the mega farm will have two 400,000-square-meter buildings, all of which will be equipped with automated feeding machines and smart air filtration and disinfecting systems.


Editor: Bibek Bhandari.


In recent years, local farmers have opted to raise their hogs in multi-story buildings — sometimes referred to as “hog hotels” by media outlets — rather than traditional single-floor farms. Estimates by a top breeding equipment supplier showed hog-breeding buildings were expanding by 30% annually in the past two years, as producers attempt to better meet the country’s pork demand while fostering an industrial transformation.

China is both the world’s biggest pork supplier and consumer, and the demand is projected to increase from 51.77 million tons to 60.77 millions tons in the next 10 years, according to official estimates. And large farms are stepping in to meet the rising demand.

Zhongxinkaiwei’s farm in Ezhou expects to produce 54,000 tons of pork from a herd of 600,000 annually in each of the two buildings, the company said. When construction finishes, the company claimed it would be the country’s largest pig breeding site.

The concept of raising pigs in large buildings accelerated sharply after swine fever ravaged half of the country’s pig herds in 2018. The disease led to record-high pork prices, and wiped out countless small, traditional farms.

To evade transmission risks, the top agriculture regulators in 2021 classified the country into five geographical zones and suggested no cross-zone transportation of livestock, while regional authorities have encouraged an increase in local capacities to keep up with demand. In 2019, the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs even lifted restrictions on building multi-story hog farms.

While the idea of more hog hotels sounds promising, those working in the field have voiced concerns.

Zheng Zhicheng, public affairs director of the agriculture conglomerate New Hope Group, told Southern Weekly newspaper that while such buildings may reduce land-related costs, the production costs would be higher. He also warned that internal biosecurity issues are more difficult to handle and may bring huge losses in the event of an outbreak.





the next panic pandemic.....




a change for the better.....

The global significance of 2022 has been grossly underestimated. Its importance to world history far exceeds that of 2001, when the September 11 attacks occurred, and 2008, when the global financial crisis broke out.

Instead, 2022 may be comparable to 1991, when the Cold War ended. If there’s a keyword, it’s “de-Westernisation”.

This is not just about Russia’s radical attempt, through the use of military power, to try to break the US-dominated international order. It is also about the unprecedented rising up of non-Western countries against the established order in search of a more independent stance.

China, after the successful convening of its 20th Communist Party congress and despite the challenges of Covid-19 and an economic downturn, continues to move steadily towards its goal of a becoming a modern socialist power by 2050.

In Brazil, the re-election of Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva as president means that 80 per cent of Latin America is now under left-wing governments – in recent years, Mexico, Argentina, Peru, Chile, Honduras, Colombia and others have also chosen leaders on the left. They advocate keeping a distance from the United States and promoting greater Latin American independence and integration.

In Southeast Asia, which hosted the Asean, G20 and Apec summit meetings recently, the Association of Southeast Asian Nations has carefully kept the same distance from China as from the US, strengthening its neutral position through regional solidarity and economic vitality.

In Central Asia, leaders of Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Tajikistan and Turkmenistan continued to strengthen the heads-of-state consultation mechanism and signed important documents, including a treaty on “friendship, good neighbourliness and cooperation for the development of Central Asia in the 21st century”. In keeping an equal distance from Russia, the US, Europe and other powers, Central Asia is entering a new stage of national consolidation and regional integration.


In the Middle East, which has experienced the Arab spring and US anti-terrorism warfare, the 22 countries of the Arab world are increasingly focused on their strategic, independent development. The Saudi Vision 2030, Qatar National Vision 2030, New Kuwait Vision 2035, Oman Vision 2040 and United Arab Emirates’ Vision 2050, among others, are long-term development plans that have raised the world’s expectations.

The recent hosting of the Qatar World Cup, the China-Arab States Summit and China-Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC) Summit have also boosted the region’s global prestige and influence.

Regional powers harbouring dreams of greatness are also keeping a measured distance from the West. India has resisted Western pressure to join sanctions against Russia, keeping its policy of cooperation with China and Russia. As president of the Group of 20, better known as G20, in 2023, India has a huge opportunity to enhance its influence.

Western media tends to focus on the G2 scenario of US-China competition – when the world is presenting a dual-track scenario of Western hegemony vs a de-Westernised and more independent development.


The West cannot stop this trend. The US led the world in major crises in the past century but its leadership has become less convincing in the wake of the Covid-19 pandemic and war in Ukraine. This has come as it faced unprecedented domestic challenges in addressing its own Covid-19 epidemic, racial conflict, economic recovery and political order.


Meanwhile, Europe’s share of the global economy continues to fall. And India’s economy has become bigger than that of Britain, its former colonial master, in a year that also saw a man of Indian descent become the British prime minister.

According to China’s official statistics, the country’s outward foreign direct investment in 2020 ranked first in the world for the first time. The country already ranks first in manufacturing output and trade in goods.


In recent years, China has also surpassed many Western countries in attracting foreign capital, showing that capital is hardly always locked in the West. In 2022, the world’s largest free-trade deal, the Regional Comprehensive Economic Partnership (RCEP), entered into force. This is a reflection of the loss of the West’s monopoly on free trade.

This de-Westernisation also extends to a growing de-dollarisation in global trade, as countries move away from the US dollar, and a “de-Americanisation” of technology.

Over the last 20 years, the US dollar’s share of international reserves has fallen steadily from above 70 per cent to below 60 per cent, now hovering around a 25-year low, according to the International Monetary Fund data. With the fourth industrial revolution, European and American countries have also lost their technological edge in smart technology, quantum computing, big data, 5G and more.

Together, the non-Western world is presenting a picture as never seen before. Their response to Western hegemony is not necessarily through confrontation, conflict or an insistence on checks and balances.


Instead, they are simply shaking off Western control by increasingly putting their national interests at the strategic centre. A more democratic form of international politics and mutual respect are their main demands.

A more equal political relationship between the West and the rest is being built, and this will be an important feature of world politics in this third decade of the 21st century. It will not be a mellow world in 2023 but the de-Westernisation movement is irreversible and will only evolve.

Wang Wen is a professor and executive dean, Chongyang Institute for Financial Studies, Renmin University of China









pig superiority.....

The US is facing an invasion of hybrid pigs from Canada, which originated from crossbreeding between wild boars and domestic animals in the 1980s. Previous methods of population control proved ineffective.

The "superpig" is an intelligent and huge animal that has managed to survive the Canadian winter and is now migrating south and inhabiting northern US states, contrary to the predictions of experts. The animals are capable of digging tunnels under the snow, making warm snow caves for themselves, The Guardian says.



"Wild pigs are easily the worst invasive large mammal on the planet," said Ryan Brook, who leads the University of Saskatchewan’s Canadian wild pig research project. "They’re incredibly intelligent... highly elusive... when there’s any pressure on them, especially if people start hunting them, they become almost completely nocturnal... they disappear into wetlands and they can be very hard to locate."


Michael Marlow, assistant programme manager for the Department of Agriculture's national feral swine damage management programme pointed out that pigs damage the environment. They eat crops, destroy trees and other animals, pollute water and pose a threat to human health and safety.



"We see direct competition for our native species for food. However, pigs are also accomplished predators. They’ll opportunistically come upon a hidden animal, and the males have long tusks, so they’re very capable of running and grabbing one with their mouth. They’ll kill young fawns, they’re known to be nest predators, so they impact turkeys and potentially quail," stated Marlow.


The giant size of the pigs (a 300 kilogram specimen, roughly 661 pounds, was recorded) allowed them to survive their first winters in the wild and breed despite expert assurances.

In some areas, their proliferation has led to an entire pig hunting industry.

Pigs are able to change their habits and adapt to new environments. For example, if people actively hunt them, the animals will switch to a nocturnal lifestyle and become virtually elusive.

One method experts have been using is to capture one pig and put a collar with a GPS tracker on it to release it into the wild, thereby finding the entire herd (this method was called "Judas Pig"). In Canada, experts say it is already too late to eradicate the pigs.

"Probably as late as maybe 2010 to 2012, there was probably a reasonable chance of finding and removing them. But now, they’re so widespread, and so abundant, that certainly as late as 2018 or 19 I stopped saying that eradication was possible. They’re just so established," Brook said, adding "They’ve definitely moved in, and they’re here to stay."

Authorities estimate that about six million wild or feral pigs cause $1.5bln worth of damage annually.